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Stenocercus aculeatus (O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1879)

IUCN Red List - Stenocercus aculeatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLeiocephalus aculeatus O’SHAUGHNESSY 1879: 303
Liocephalus aculeatus — BOULENGER 1885: 167
Leiocephalus iridescens aculeatus — BURT & BURT 1931
Ophryoessoides aculeatus — ETHERIDGE 1966
Ophryoessoides aculeatus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 213
Ophryoessoides aculeatus — FRITTS 1974
Ophyoessoides aculeatus — DIXON & SOINI 1975: 5 (in error)
Stenocercus aculeatus — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2000: 5
Stenocercus aculeatus — VENEGAS et al. 2020 
DistributionE Ecuador, E Peru, Bolivia (Beni)

Type locality: Moyobamba, Peru [Departamento San Martín]  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.33-36 (4) 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970. Liocephalus angulifer WERNER 1901: 595 has been removed from the synonymy of S. aculeatus by TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “aculeus” = spike, sting, thorn. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt,C.E. & Burt,M.D. 1931. South American lizards in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 61 (7): 227-395 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77 - get paper here
  • Etheridge, Richard E. 1966. The systematic relationships of West Indian and South American lizards referred to the iguanid genus Leiocephalus. Copeia 1966 (1): 79-91 - get paper here
  • Fritts, Thomas H. 1974. A multivariate evolutionary analysis of the Andean Iguanid lizards of the genus Stenocercus. San Diego Society of Natural History Memoir 7: 1-89 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1879. Description of new species of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 4: 295-303 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2007. A taxonomic revision of South American Stenocercus (Squamata: Iguania) lizards. Herpetological Monographs 21 (1): 76-178 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar 2000. Ecuadorian lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, (15): 1-38 - get paper here
  • Venegas PJ, García-Ayachi LA, Chávez-Arribasplata JC, Chávez G, Wong I, García-Bravo A 2020. Four new species of Stenocercus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 (Squamata, Iguania) from the Department of Amazonas in northeastern Peru. Evolutionary Systematics 4(2): 79-108 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1901. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Ecuador und Neu-Guinea. Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 51: 593-614 - get paper here
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