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Stenocercus caducus (COPE, 1862)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymScartiscus caducus COPE 1862: 182
Scartiscus caducus — BOULENGER 1885: 127
Liocephalus bolivianus BOULENGER 1890: 78
Liocephalus caducus — BOULENGER 1894: 342
Scartiscus liocephaloides WERNER 1910: 23
Leiocephalus caducus — GALLARDO 1959
Ophryoessoides liocephaloides ETHERIDGE 1966
Ophryoessoides caducus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970
Ophryoessoides caducus — FRITTS 1974
Stenocercus caducus — FROST 1992
Stenocercus caducus — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Stenocercus caducus— TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2006
Stenocercus caducus — CACCIALI et al. 2016 
DistributionBolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil (Mato Grosso, Para), Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)

Type locality: Paraguay  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 5852 
DiagnosisDiagnosis in TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007.
 
CommentSynonymy after CEI 1993. Specimens from Mato Grosso represent a new species that was named S. sinesaccus by TORRES-CARVAJAL 2005.

Map: see TEIXEIRA et al. 2015: 417. 
Etymology 
References
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1894. List of reptiles and batachians collected by Dr. T. Bohls near Asuncion, Paraguay. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 13: 342-348 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction?. Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Cope, E.D. 1863. Contributions to Neotropical saurology. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14 [1862]: 176-188. - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Fritts, Thomas H. 1974. A multivariate evolutionary analysis of the Andean Iguanid lizards of the genus Stenocercus. San Diego Society of Natural History Memoir 7: 1-89
  • Gallardo, Jose M. 1959. Sobre un Iguanidae del Noroeste Argentino, Leiocephalus caducus (Cope). Acta Zoologica Lilloana 17: 484-497
  • Hoogmoed, M. S. & N. VACA 1990. Herpetofauna: In: Frey, R. (ed.): Report Expedition Perseverancia. 8-9: 19.
  • Marcus, A. 1986. Nuevos datos sobre Ophryoessoides caducus (Cope) (Sauria: Iguanidae) y su presencia en Argentina. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 38:143–147
  • Teixeira, Mauro; Ivan Prates, Carolina Nisa, Nathalia Suzan Camarão Silva-Martins, Christine Strüssmann, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2015. Molecular data reveal spatial and temporal patterns of diversification and a cryptic new species of lowland Stenocercus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 410-423 (2016), doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.09.010 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2005. A new species of Stenocercus (Squamata, Iguania) from central-western Brazil with a key to Brazilian Stenocercus. Phyllomedusa 4 (2): 123-132 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; James A. Schulte II and John E. Cadle 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of South American lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Iguania): A new approach using a general mixture model for gene sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (1): 171-185 - get paper here
 
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