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Stenocercus erythrogaster (HALLOWELL, 1856)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymBrachysaurus erythrogaster HALLOWELL 1856: 232
Liocephalus erythrogaster — BOULENGER 1885: 168
Ophryoessoides erythrogaster — ETHERIDGE 1966: 88
Ophryoessoides erythrogaster — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 213
Ophryoessoides erythrogaster — FRITTS 1974
Stenocercus erythrogaster — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2004 
DistributionColombia (Sierra do Santa Marta, N Andes), Venezuela

Type locality: New Grenada  
TypesHolotype: ANSP 8607 
DiagnosisDefinition (diagnosis).-A species of Stenocercus characterized by the following features: (1) dorsal head scales subimbricate and strongly keeled to multicarinate; (2) posterior head scales larger than anterior ones; distinct interparietal present or absent and followed by pair of much larger parietals and one to five postparietals; (3) 2-4 postrostrals followed by four internasals; (4) one row of supraoculars distinctly enlarged; (5) two enlarged canthals between the superciliaries and small postnasal scales; (6) 2-53 temporals, one strongly keeled (not projecting sensu Cadle, 2001) angulate temporal contacting last postparietal; (7) anterior gulars weakly keeled with keeling of gulars becoming more prominent posteriorly; (8) parietal eye not visible except in juveniles; (9) neck folds absent; antehumeral and supra-auricular crests present; (10) dorsal and ventral body scales imbricate, mucronate, and strongly keeled; dorsal scales at midbody 41-50; (11) vertebral crest flat, serrate anteriorly in adult males, dorsolateral crest present on posterior body and base of tail; (12) shallow posthumeral pocket (Type 2) present, postfemoral and inguinal pockets absent; (13) scales of posterior thigh imbricate and keeled; (14) tail strongly compressed, anteriorly with low vertebral and dorsolateral crests continuous with those on body; (15) dorsal color in preservative light brown dorsally with darker flanks; chevrons present middorsally on body and base of tail; antehumeral crest with distinct white stripe; venter immaculate except for few light brown to cream blotches in some specimens; oblique brown band below eye. 
CommentHas been erroneously reported from Ecuador (fide TORRES-CARVAJAL 2000). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77 - get paper here
  • Etheridge, Richard E. 1966. The systematic relationships of West Indian and South American lizards referred to the iguanid genus Leiocephalus. Copeia 1966 (1): 79-91 - get paper here
  • Fritts, Thomas H. 1974. A multivariate evolutionary analysis of the Andean Iguanid lizards of the genus Stenocercus. San Diego Society of Natural History Memoir 7: 1-89
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Notes on reptiles in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 221-238 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GILSON A. RIVAS AND JESUS MANZANILLA 2004. Redescription of Stenocercus erythrogaster (Hallowell). Copeia 2004 (4): 940–944 - get paper here
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido Fabián 2013. CAMBIO EstACIOnAl En El UsO DE lOs RECURsOs DE lA COMUnIDAD DE REptIlEs En El COMplEJO CEnAgOsO DE ZApAtOsA, DEpARtAMEntO DEl CEsAR (Colombia). Caldasia 35 (1): 103-122 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2004. The abdominal skeleton of Tropidurid lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Herpetologica 60 (1): 75-83 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, O. 2007. New Andean Species of Stenocercus (Squamata: Iguania) from the Eastern Cordillera in Colombia. Copeia 2007 (1): 56–61 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar 2000. Ecuadorian lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, (15): 1-38 - get paper here
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