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Stenocercus haenschi (WERNER, 1901)

IUCN Red List - Stenocercus haenschi - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesHaensch's Whorltail Iguana 
SynonymLiocephalus haenschi WERNER 1901: 595 (nom. subst.)
Liocephalus haenchi — BURT & BURT 1933: 27 (in error)
Ophryoessoides haenschi — ETHERIDGE 1966: 88
Ophryoessoides haenschi — PETERS et al. 1970: 214
Stenocercus haenschi — FRITTS 1974
Stenocercus haenschi — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2000: 21
Stenocercus haenschi — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007 
DistributionEcuador (Bolívar)

Type locality: Balsapamba, Provincia Bolívar, Ecuador, elevation 750 m. Known only from the type locality.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 16595 
CommentOriginally described as Liocephalus formosus by BOULENGER 1880: 43. Replacement of the name was necessary because L. formosus became a junior secondary homonym of Scelotrema formosum when both taxa were combined into Stenocercus (fide FRITTS 1974 and TORRES-CARVAJAL 2000).

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1880. Reptiles et Batraciens recueillis par M. Emile de Ville dans les Andes de l'équateur. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 5: 41-48 - get paper here
  • Burt, C. E., and M. D. Burt 1933. A preliminary check list of the lizards of South America. Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 28: 1-104.
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction?. Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77
  • Etheridge, Richard E. 1966. The systematic relationships of West Indian and South American lizards referred to the iguanid genus Leiocephalus. Copeia 1966 (1): 79-91 - get paper here
  • Fritts, Thomas H. 1974. A multivariate evolutionary analysis of the Andean Iguanid lizards of the genus Stenocercus. San Diego Society of Natural History Memoir 7: 1-89
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar 2000. Ecuadorian lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, (15): 1-38
  • VENEGAS, PABLO J.; VILMA DURAN & KARLA GARCIA-BURNEO 2013. A new species of arboreal iguanid lizard, genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Iguania), from central Peru. Zootaxa 3609 (3): 291–301 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1901. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Ecuador und Neu-Guinea. Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 51: 593-614
 
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