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Stenocercus ornatissimus (GIRARD, 1858)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLesser Ornate Whorltail Iguana 
SynonymSaccodeira ornatissima GIRARD 1856
Saccodeira ornatissima — BOULENGER 1885: 159
Proctotretus ornatissimus — BURT & BURT 1930
Stenocercus cf. ornatissimus — LEHR et al. 2002
Stenocercus ornatissimus — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007 
DistributionW Peru (Lima)

Type locality: Yangas, 3106 m elevation, Lima, Peru  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: USNM 5655 
CommentDoes not occur in Ecuador as stated by various authors (TORRES-CARVAJAL 2000).

Belongs to the clades Scelotrema and Saccodeira (fide TORRES-CARVAJAL 2006). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction?. Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77
  • Girard, C. 1858. Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the US. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Fourth Part. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Philadelphia 1857: 195-199 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER & EDGAR LEHR 2015. Two new species of lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Iguania, Tropiduridae) from central Peru. Zootaxa 3956 (3): 413–427
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E.; Köhler, G. & Streit, B. 2002. Die Herpetofauna von Mittelperu entlang eines Transektes von der pazifischen Küste bis in die Hochanden (Amphibia et Reptilia). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 361-392
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar 2000. Ecuadorian lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, (15): 1-38
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; James A. Schulte II and John E. Cadle 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of South American lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Iguania): A new approach using a general mixture model for gene sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (1): 171-185 - get paper here
 
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