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Stenocercus quinarius NOGUEIRA & RODRIGUES, 2006

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymStenocercus quinarius NOGUEIRA & RODRIGUES 2006
Stenocercus quinarius — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais)

Type locality: pitfall trap located in 15°15’13”S; 45°53’20”W, Parque Nacional Grande Sertão Veredas, municipality of Formoso, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 94069, field number CN 593, adult male, collected on 31 October 2001 by C. Nogueira and F. França. 
CommentSimilar species: Stenocercus dumerilii, S. tricristatus, S.quinarius, and S. squarrosus share combined morphological features (three or five dorsal crests, enlarged post-supraciliary scale, head blunt, pyramidal, bordered by supraciliary crests) unseen in the remainder of the genus (see Avila-Pires 1995, Nogueira & Rodrigues 2006).

Map: see TEIXEIRA et al. 2015: 417.

Color in life: Dorsal ground color uniform light brown, dorsal part of head same color as dorsum. Gular and ventral region slightly lighter, uniform light cream. Tail
region with slightly darker flecks of light tan, alternating with shaded greyish areas, lighter ventrally. A distinct horizontally elongated black spot just above and anterior to insertion of forelimbs. 
Etymologyquinarius, from the Latin “pertaining to five”, in allusion to the five well-marked crests along the body. 
References
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction?. Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77
  • Freitas, Marco António de, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de Franca and Tiago de Oliveira Lima. 2011. Geographic Distribution: Stenocercus quinarius. Herpetological Review 42 (3): 391-392 - get paper here
  • NOGUEIRA, C. & RODRIGUES, M.T. 2006. The genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) in extra-Amazonian Brazil, with the description of two new species. South American J. Herp. 1 (3): 149-165 - get paper here
  • Teixeira, Mauro; Ivan Prates, Carolina Nisa, Nathalia Suzan Camarão Silva-Martins, Christine Strüssmann, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2015. Molecular data reveal spatial and temporal patterns of diversification and a cryptic new species of lowland Stenocercus Duméril & Bibron, 1837 (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 410-423 (2016), doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.09.010 - get paper here
 
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