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Stenocercus rhodomelas (BOULENGER, 1899)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Red-black Whorltail Iguana 
SynonymLiocephalus rhodomelas BOULENGER 1899: 455
Ophryoessoides rhodomelas — ETHERIDGE 1966: 88
Ophryoessoides rhodomelas — PETERS et al. 1970
Stenocercus rhodomelas — FRITTS 1974
Stenocercus rhodomelas — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2000: 29
Stenocercus rhodomelas — TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007 
DistributionS Ecuador (Azuay, Loja), elevation 730-2100 m.

Type locality: Oña, Ecuador [Provincia Azuay].  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.29.77-80 (4) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: TORRES-CARVAJAL 2007. 
CommentSympatric with S. simonsii in Azuay, and possibly sympatric with S. festae in the Saraguro basin.

Belongs to the clade Boreomegalepis (fide TORRES-CARVAJAL 2006). 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1899. Descriptions of new reptiles and batrachians collected by Mr. P.O. Simons in the Andes of Ecuador. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 4 (24): 454-457 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E. N. Arnold & F. Amat 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 57-77 - get paper here
  • Etheridge, Richard E. 1966. The systematic relationships of West Indian and South American lizards referred to the iguanid genus Leiocephalus. Copeia 1966 (1): 79-91 - get paper here
  • Fritts, Thomas H. 1974. A multivariate evolutionary analysis of the Andean Iguanid lizards of the genus Stenocercus. San Diego Society of Natural History Memoir 7: 1-89 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar 2000. Ecuadorian lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Scientific papers of the Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, (15): 1-38 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal, Omar; James A. Schulte II and John E. Cadle 2006. Phylogenetic relationships of South American lizards of the genus Stenocercus (Squamata: Iguania): A new approach using a general mixture model for gene sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (1): 171-185 - get paper here
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