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Stenodactylus doriae (BLANFORD, 1874)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDune Sand Gecko, Middle Eastern Short-fingered Gecko 
SynonymCeramodactylus doriae BLANFORD 1874: 454
Ceramodactylus doriae — BOULENGER 1885: 13
Ceramodactylus doriae — BOULENGER 1887: 407
Stenodactylus (Ceramodactylus) doriae — ANDERSON 1896: 21
Ceramodactylus major PARKER 1930 (fide ARNOLD 1980)
Stenodactylus (Ceramodactylus) doriae — HAAS 1956
Ceramodactylus doriae — ANDERSON 1963: 474
Stenodactylus doriae - WERMUTH 1965: 175
Stenodactylus major — KLUGE 1967
Stenodactylus major — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 170
Stenodactylus doriae — KLUGE 1993
Stenodactylus doriae — RÖSLER 2000: 115
Stenodactylus doriae — FUJITA & PAPENFUSS 2011 
DistributionSaudia Arabia (Hadramaut), SW Iran, Iraq, S Israel, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Jordan, Kuwait

Type locality: Bandar Abbas, Persia (= Iran). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MSNTO R3011 
CommentDiagnosis: Medium to large-sized, up to 83 mm from snout to vent; toes depressed with a distinct lateral fringe of pointed, toothed scales and 5-13 rows of scales beneath; rostral and often first upper labial scale reach nostril; preanal pores nearly always present, cloacal tubercles usually in 2 rows; autotomy restricted to tail base; prefrontal projection strong; epipterygoid well separated from skull roof in protracted skull; usually 24 presacral vertebrae, 6 nuchal ribs and 6 basal caudal vertebrae; clavicle expanded [ARNOLD 1980].

Synonymy: The paratype of S. leptocosymbotes Leviton and Anderson, 1967 is a S. doriae, albeit with a very short digital fringe [fide ARNOLD 1980: 399].

Population genetics: The habitat specialist S. doriae had a low level of gene flow whereas the habitat generalist S. sthenodactylus had a relatively high level of gene flow. The most isolated population of S. doriae, exhibited the highest level of gene diversity. The generalist S. sthenodactylus, in contrast, did not exhibit an exceptional level of gene diversity [Peled et al. 2014]. 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391
  • Al-Shammari, Ahmed M. 2012. Additional Records of Lizards in Ha'il Province, Saudi Arabia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 287-291 - get paper here
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144]
  • Anderson,S.C. 1963. Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. Ser. 4, 31(16): 417-498 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. Reptiles of Saudi Arabia. A review of the lizard genus Stenodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 2: 368-404
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Blanford,W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new lizards from Persia and Baluchistàn. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 13: 453-455 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408 - get paper here
  • Bouskila, A. 1987. Preliminary Observations on the Ecology of Stenodactylus doriae. Hardun, Jour. Israel Herp. Inf. Center 4 (1987): e9-e10
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Fujita, Matthew K. and Theodore J. Papenfuss 2011. Molecular systematics of Stenodactylus (Gekkonidae), an Afro-Arabian gecko species complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58 (1): 71-75 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, Wolfgang; Thomas Kowalski & Hans-Jürgen Zilger 2012. Überraschendes Arabien 2.0. Teil 2. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (2): 50-57 - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.-W. 2003. Herpetological expedition through Oman. Reptilia (GB) (27): 50-55 - get paper here
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  • Leviton,A.E. & Anderson,S.C. 1967. Survey of the reptiles of the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi, Arabian Peninsula. Part II. Systematic account of the collction of reptiles made in the Sheikdom of Abu Daby by John Gasperetti. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 39: 157-192 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Parker, H. W. 1930. Three new reptiles from southern Arabia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (10) 6: 594—598
  • Peled, E.; R. Ben-Shlomo & U. Shanas 2014. Specialists may thrive in small habitats: the case of high genetic diversity within a confined gecko population. Journal of Zoology, doi:10.1111/jzo.12124
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT A 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics4 (1): 7-30
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Steindachner,Franz 1903. Batrachier und Reptilien von Südarabien und Sokotra, gesammelt während der südarabischen Expedition der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-naturwiss. Kl., 112, Abt. 1: 7-14 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 2: the geckoes. Podarcis 1 (4): 105-120
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  • Werner, Y.L.; Okada, S.; Ota, H.; Perry, G. & Tokunaga, S. 1997. Varied and Fluctuating Foraging Modes in Nocturnal Lizards of the Family Gekkonidae. Asiatic Herpetological Research 7: 153-165 - get paper here
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