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Storeria occipitomaculata (STORER, 1839)

IUCN Red List - Storeria occipitomaculata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaNatricidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesStoreria occipitomaculata obscura TRAPIDO 1944
Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (STORER 1839)
Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae SMITH 1963 
Common NamesE: Redbelly Snake
obscura: Florida Redbelly Snake
occipitomaculata: Northern Redbelly Snake
pahasapae: Black Hills Redbelly Snake
G: Rotbäuchige Braunschlange 
SynonymColuber occipito-maculata STORER 1839: 230
Tropidonotus occipito-maculatus — HOLBROOK 1842:55
Storeria occipito-maculata — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 137
Ischnognathusoccipitomaculatus — GÜNTHER 1858:81
Storeria occipitomaculata — YARROW 1883: 129
Ischnognathus occipitomaculatus — BOULENGER 1893: 287
Storeria occipito-maculata — CONANT 1938
Storeria occipitomaculata — STEBBINS 1985: 198
Storeria occipitomaculata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 163
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 164
Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 164
Storeria occipitomaculata — CROTHER et al. 2012

Storeria occipitomaculata obscura TRAPIDO 1944
Storeria occipito-maculata obscura TRAPIDO 1944: 33
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura — CROTHER 2000
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 53
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura — DIXON 2000
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura — ERNST 2002
Storeria occipitomaculata obscura — CROTHER et al. 2012

Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (STORER 1839)
Coluber occipito-maculata STORER 1839: 230
Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata — CROTHER 2000
Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 51
Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata — ERNST 2002
Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata — CROTHER et al. 2012

Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae SMITH 1963
Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae SMITH 1963: 17
Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae — CROTHER 2000
Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 54
Storeria occipitomaculata pahasapae — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionS Canada (SE Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Prince Edward Island),
E USA (Minnesota, Iowa, SC Nebraska, E Kansas, E Oklahoma, WC/E South Dakota, E North Dakota, E Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, N Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, S New Hampshire, S Maine)

Type locality: "Amherst," Hampshire County, Massachusetts.

obscura: Florida, SE Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana; Type locality: Florida, Alachua County, Gainesville.

pahasapae: South Dakota; Type locality: USA: Dunmire’s Lodge, Lead, Lawrence County, South Dakota; H. M.Smith; August 16, 1960. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: collected by Professor Adams, date not reported; specimen apparently lost (Ernst 2002)
Holotype: UIMNH 48564 [pahasapae]
Holotype: FMNH 8561 [obscura] 
CommentReproduction: viviparous. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1923. The amphibians and reptiles of Dickinson County, Iowa. Iowa Studies in Natural History 10 (2): 19-26
  • Böhme, W. 2005. Der “Savannah River Ecology Site” und seine herpetologischen Highlights. Herpetofauna 25 (142): 13-21 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boundy, Jeff 1994. Range extensions for Louisana amphibians and reptiles. Herpetological Review 25 (3): 128-129 - get paper here
  • Burbrink, Frank T.;Wilson, Allan K. 1994. Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (northern redbelly snake). USA: Illinois. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 35 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. A contribution to the herpetology of Kentucky. American Midland Naturalist 14 (6): 669-679 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
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  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
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  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Dundee, Harold A. 1948. Storeria occipitomaculata in Oklahoma. Copeia 1948 (3): 216 - get paper here
  • Edmond, Brian S. 1993. Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (Northern Redbelly Snake). USA: Missouri. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 68 - get paper here
  • Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Fältbiologerna Umea.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H. 2002. Storeria occipitomaculata (Storer) - Red-bellied Snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 759: 1-8
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America. George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Evans, Arthur T. 1915. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from Gogebic County, Michigan. Proc. US. Natl. Mus. 49 (2109): 351-354 - get paper here
  • Gray, Brian S., Mark Lethaby, Ned McAllister and Scott Bloomstine. 2013. Storeria occipitomaculata (red-bellied snake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 335
  • Gray, Brian S.; Lethaby, Mark. 2008. Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (Northern Red-bellied Snake). Maximum Size. Herpetological Review 39 (1):101 - get paper here
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
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  • Grudzien and Owens 1991. Genic Similarity in the Gray and Brown Color Morphs of the Snake Storeria occipitomaculata. Journal of Herpetology 25 (1): 90 –92 - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Toby J.;Malone, John H. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Storeria occipitomaculata obscura. Herpetological Review 28 (4): 211 - get paper here
  • Hunter, M.L., Jr., Albright, J., & Arbuckle, J., eds. 1992. The amphibians and reptiles of Maine. Maine Agric. Experiment Station, Orono, Bull. 838 188 pp.
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
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  • Linzey, D.W., & Clifford, M.J. 1981. Snakes of Virgina. Univ. Press of Virginia, Charlottesville 159 pp.
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Meshaka, Walter E., Jr. and Pablo R. Delis 2014. Snake assemblage structures and seasonal activity patters on a military base in south-central Pennsylvania: Land Management implications for snake conservation. The Journal of North American Herpetology 2014(1):7-20 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Mosier, Dan;Collins, Joseph T. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Storeria occipitomaculata. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 116 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Pyron, R.Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2009. Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 524-529 - get paper here
  • Reichenbach, N.G. & Dalrymple, G.H. 1981. Herpetological records from a relict prairie in Ohio. Herpetological Review 12 (1): 15 - get paper here
  • Rossman, D. A., and R. Erwin 1980. Geographic Variation in the Snake Storeria occipitomaculata (Storer) (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Southeastern United States. Brimleyana 4:95-102
  • Shans, Charles B. 1993. Storeria occipitomaculata (Redbelly Snake). USA: Oklahoma. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 68 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1963. The identity of the Black Hills population of Storeria occipitomaculata, the red-bellied snake. Herpetologica 19 (1): 17-21 - get paper here
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Storer, D.H. 1839. Reports on the fishes, reptiles and birds of Massachusetts. Boston: Dutton and Wentworth, State Printers - get paper here
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  • Tucker, John K.;Maher, Robert J.;Hatcher, James B. 1994. Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata (northern redbelly snake). USA: Illinois. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 35 - get paper here
  • Werler, John E.&; James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
 
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