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Strophurus ciliaris (BOULENGER, 1885)

IUCN Red List - Strophurus ciliaris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesStrophurus ciliaris ciliaris (BOULENGER 1885)
Strophurus ciliaris aberrans (GLAUERT 1952) 
Common NamesE: Northern Spiny-tailed Gecko, Spiny-tailed Gecko
G: Stachelschwanzgecko 
SynonymDiplodactylus ciliaris BOULENGER 1885: 98
Diplodactylus spinigerus — ZIETZ 1920 (partim)
Diplodactylus spinigerus ciliaris — LOVERIDGE 1934
Diplodactylus ciliaris — PIANKA 1969
Diplodactylus ciliaris — PIANKA 1976
Strophurus ciliaris — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Strophurus ciliaris — GREER 1989
Strophurus ciliaris — KLUGE 1993
Diplodactylus ciliaris — COGGER 2000: 215
Strophurus ciliaris — RÖSLER 2000: 115
Strophurus ciliaris — BARTS & HULBERT 2004
Strophurus ciliaris — ESCORIZA BOI 2005

Diplodactylus ciliaris ciliaris BOULENGER 1885
Diplodactylus ciliaris BOULENGER 1885
Diplodactylus spinigerus ciliaris — GLAUERT 1952
Diplodactylus strophurus ciliaris — MITCHELL 1955
Diplodactylus ciliaris ciliaris — KLUGE 1967 (partim)
Strophurus ciliaris — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Strophurus ciliaris ciliaris — RÖSLER 2000: 115
Strophurus ciliaris ciliaris — DE LISLE et al. 2013

Diplodactylus ciliaris aberrans GLAUERT 1952
Diplodactylus spinigerus aberrans GLAUERT 1952
Diplodactylus strophurus aberrans — MITCHELL 1955
Diplodactylus strophurus aberrans — WERMUTH 1965: 26
Diplodactylus ciliaris ciliaris — KLUGE 1967 (partim)
Strophurus aberrans — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Diplodactylus ciliaris aberrans — STORR 1988
Strophurus ciliaris aberrans — KLUGE 1991
Strophurus ciliaris aberrans — RÖSLER 2000: 115
Strophurus ciliaris aberrans — DE LISLE et al. 2013 
DistributionAustralia (arid and semiarid New South Wales, Northern Territory, W Queensland, N South Australia, Western Australia)

ciliaris: N half of Northern Territory to far N Western Australia; Type locality: Port Darwin, Northern Territory.

aberrans: coast of NW Western Australia through arid interior to S Northern Territory, N South Australia, W New South Wales and SW Queensland; Type locality: Mount Wynna, W Kimberly, Western Australia. (Mt. Wynne, fide STORR 1988]  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.9.6.87 (D. c. and D. c. c.; designated by Kluge 1967)
Holotype: WAM R2803 [aberrans] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large member of the complex (total length up to 138 mm) with long spines above eye and on tail. Differing from D. C. aberrans mainly in small non-spinose scales on top and side of tail being granular rather than tubercular [STORR 1988: 121].

Diagnosis (aberrans): A large member of the complex (total length up to 149 mm) with long spines above eye and on tail. Differing from D. c. ciliaris mainly in non-spinose scales on top and side of tail being tubercular rather than granular, and in caudal spines and dorsal tubercles being more frequently black than orange [STORR 1988: 124] 
CommentGroup: Diplodactylus strophurus group (subgenus Strophurus) 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “supercilium” (eyebrow), drawing attention to the long spines above the eye.

The subspecies aberrans (= deviating) was named in allusion to the tubercular scales on its tail (Storr 1990: 20). 
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  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Dittmer, D. E., Chapman, T. L. & Bidwell, J. R. 2020. In the shadow of an iconic inselberg: Uluru’s shadow influences climates and reptile assemblage structure at its base. J. Arid Environ. 181, 104179 (2020) - get paper here
  • Doody, J. Sean, Hugh James, Derek Dunlop, Domenic D'Amore, Matt Edgar, Maik Fidel, David Meadows, Christopher W. Walmsley, Simon Clulow and Colin McHenry. 2013. Strophurus ciliaris (northern spiny-tailed gecko) communal nesting. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 685 - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 2: Desert and tropical savanna. Reptilia (GB) (41): 52-57 - get paper here
  • Even,Eddy 2005. Reptielen zoeken in Australië. Lacerta 63 (2): 48-65 - get paper here
  • Fallend, S. 2007. Auf Geckosuche in Australien. Draco 8 (29): 78-84 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1952. Herpetological miscellanea. l. Notes of some forms of Diplodactylus. Some new western Australian lizards. Western Australian Naturalist 3: 166—168 [1951] - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1989. The biology and evolution of Australian lizards. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW 264 pp.
  • Hagey TJ, Harte S, Vickers M, Harmon LJ, Schwarzkopf L 2017. There’s more than one way to climb a tree: Limb length and microhabitat use in lizards with toe pads. PLoS One 12 (9): e0184641 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die Gattung Strophurus. Draco 8 (29): 49-66 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Mayer, M. 2014. Von Schlangen, Kröten und Krokodilen im tropischen „Top End“ Australiens. Ein Reise- und Studienbericht. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (110): 76-85
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1955. Preliminary account of the Reptilia and Amphibia collected by the National Geographic Society - Commonwealth Government - Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Arnhem Land (April to November, 1948). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 11: 373-408 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R.; Pianka, H. D. 1976. Comparative ecology of twelve species of nocturnal lizards (Gekkonidae) in the western Australian desert. Copeia 1976 (1): 125-142 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Sadlier, R.A.; O’Meally, D.; Shea, G.M. 2005. A new species of Spiny-tailed gecko (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Strophurus) from inland Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 51(2): 573-581. - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1988. The Diplodactylus ciliaris complex (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 14: 121-133. - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Tremper Jr, Philip A. 1999. Captive Husbandry and Propagation of the Australian Eyelash Gecko Diplodactylus ciliaris ciliaris. Gekko 1 (1): 10-15
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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