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Strophurus strophurus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1836)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWestern Spiny-tailed Gecko 
SynonymPhyllodactylus strophurus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 397
Discodactylus (Strophurus) Dumerilli FITZINGER 1843
Phyllodactylus Dumerilli - DUMÉRIL 1856
Diplodactylus strophurus - BOULENGER 1885: 100
Diplodactylus spinigerus - WERNER 1910
Diplodactylus strophurus strophurus - MITCHELL 1955
Diplodactylus strophurus — WERMUTH 1965: 25
Diplodactylus strophurus — PIANKA 1976
Strophurus strophurus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Strophurus strophurus — GREER 1989
Strophurus strophurus — KLUGE 1993
Diplodactylus strophurus — COGGER 2000: 228
Strophurus strophurus — RÖSLER 2000: 115
Strophurus strophurus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (West Australia)

Type locality: Baie des Chiens-Marins (now: Sharks Bay), West Australia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: WAM R6535 (designated by Kluge 1967) 
CommentDiplodactylus strophurus group (subgenus Strophurus)

Type species: Phyllodactylus strophurus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 397 is the type species of the genus Strophurus FITZINGER 1843: 96.

Strophurus is an Australian endemic genus of climbing geckos characterised by unique caudal glands with the ability to exude a viscous distasteful substance. Some of them are also referred to as ‘phasmid geckos’ owing to their resemblance to stick insects (Phasmatidae) in their elongate and gracile proportions, camouflage and movement. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1956. Geckonidae (Part II). Western Australian Naturalist 5 (3): 49-56
  • Greer, A.E. 1989. The biology and evolution of Australian lizards. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW 264 pp.
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1929. Herpetological notes No. I. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (2): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die Gattung Strophurus. Draco 8 (29): 49-66 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1955. Preliminary account of the Reptilia and Amphibia collected by the National Geographic Society - Commonwealth Government - Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Arnhem Land (April to November, 1948). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 11: 373-408 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R.; Pianka, H. D. 1976. Comparative ecology of twelve species of nocturnal lizards (Gekkonidae) in the western Australian desert. Copeia 1976 (1): 125-142 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, L.A. 1995. A new Diplodactylus, subgenus Strophurus (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) from northern Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 17 (3): 351-353 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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