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Strophurus strophurus (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1836)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesWestern Spiny-tailed Gecko 
SynonymPhyllodactylus strophurus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 397
Discodactylus (Strophurus) Dumerilli FITZINGER 1843
Phyllodactylus Dumerilli - DUMÉRIL 1856
Diplodactylus strophurus - BOULENGER 1885: 100
Diplodactylus spinigerus - WERNER 1910
Diplodactylus strophurus strophurus - MITCHELL 1955
Diplodactylus strophurus — WERMUTH 1965: 25
Diplodactylus strophurus — PIANKA 1976
Strophurus strophurus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Strophurus strophurus — GREER 1989
Strophurus strophurus — KLUGE 1993
Diplodactylus strophurus — COGGER 2000: 228
Strophurus strophurus — RÖSLER 2000: 115
Strophurus strophurus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (West Australia)

Type locality: Baie des Chiens-Marins (now: Sharks Bay), West Australia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesNeotype: WAM R6535 (designated by Kluge 1967) 
CommentDiplodactylus strophurus group (subgenus Strophurus)

Type species: Phyllodactylus strophurus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 397 is the type species of the genus Strophurus FITZINGER 1843: 96.

Strophurus is an Australian endemic genus of climbing geckos characterised by unique caudal glands with the ability to exude a viscous distasteful substance. Some of them are also referred to as ‘phasmid geckos’ owing to their resemblance to stick insects (Phasmatidae) in their elongate and gracile proportions, camouflage and movement. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1956. Geckonidae (Part II). Western Australian Naturalist 5 (3): 49-56
  • Greer, A.E. 1989. The biology and evolution of Australian lizards. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW 264 pp.
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1929. Herpetological notes No. I. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (2): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die Gattung Strophurus. Draco 8 (29): 49-66 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1955. Preliminary account of the Reptilia and Amphibia collected by the National Geographic Society - Commonwealth Government - Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Arnhem Land (April to November, 1948). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 11: 373-408 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R.; Pianka, H. D. 1976. Comparative ecology of twelve species of nocturnal lizards (Gekkonidae) in the western Australian desert. Copeia 1976 (1): 125-142 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith, L.A. 1995. A new Diplodactylus, subgenus Strophurus (Lacertilia: Gekkonidae) from northern Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 17 (3): 351-353 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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