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Strophurus taenicauda (DE VIS, 1886)

IUCN Red List - Strophurus taenicauda - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesStrophurus taenicauda taenicauda (DE VIS 1886)
Strophurus taenicauda albiocularis BROWN, WORTHINGTON-WILMER & MACDONALD 2012
Strophurus taenicauda triaureus BROWN, WORTHINGTON-WILMER & MACDONALD 2012 
Common NamesGolden Spiny-tailed Gecko, Golden-tailed Gecko
albiocularis: Northern Golden-tailed Gecko
triaureus: Central Golden-tailed Gecko 
SynonymDiplodactylus taenicauda DE VIS 1886
Diplodactylus taeniocauda BOULENGER 1887: 483 (nom. subst.)
Diplodactylus taenicauda — WERMUTH 1965: 26
Strophurus taenicauda - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Diplodactylus taenicauda — KLUGE 1993
Strophurus taenicauda — RÖSLER 1995: 85
Diplodactylus taenicauda — COGGER 2000: 231
Diplodactylus taenicaudus — RÖSLER 2000: 77
Diplodactylus taenicauda — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 47
Strophurus taenicauda — LAUBE & LANGNER 2007 
DistributionAustralia (coastal and interior SE Queensland, N New South Wales)

albiocularis: Queensland; Type locality: Castle Ck, Dawson Valley, Qld (-24.83°, 150.33°)

taenicauda: Queensland, New South Wales; Type locality: Chinchilla, Queensland, Australia (-26.73 ̊, 150.63 ̊) [lectotype locality]

triaureus: Queensland (eastern side of the Brigalow Belt from Mundubbera in the south to Callide in the east and across to Biloela in the west); Type locality: Coominglah SF, Monto, Qld (-24.82°, 150.93°) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: QM J11215 (designated by Kluge 1967)
Holotype: QMJ4551, male [albiocularis]
Holotype: QMJ76397, female [triaureus] 
CommentDiagnosis. Strophurus taenicauda is distinguished from other Strophurus by its lack of spines or tubercles on the body and tail, and the presence of brightly coloured tail striping (vs. generally shades of grey, white or black).

Diagnosis (taenicauda): Strophurus taenicauda taenicauda is a medium sized (maximum SVL 71.4 mm), well-patterned gecko from south-western Qld (Fig. 6A). It is distinguished by the following combination of character states: dor- sal spots large; golden tail stripe single, with undulating or transversely extending lateral margins; eye colour red. See Table 5 for comparisons with newly described conspecific subspecies.

Diagnosis (albiocularis): a medium-sized (maximum SVL 69 mm), lightly patterned gecko from central Qld. It is distinguished from its nominate form and congeners by the following combination of character states: small dorsal spots; a single golden tail stripe with straight lateral margins; eye colour white to cream.

Diagnosis (triaureus): a medium-sized (maximum SVL 73.2 mm), lightly patterned gecko from central Qld. It is distinguished from the nominate subspecies and congeners by the following combination of character states: small dorsal spots and a transversely banded tail with single dorsal golden stripe with straight lateral margins and two thin undulating lateral golden stripes; eye colour amber. 
EtymologyEtymology (albiocularis): From the Latin albus meaning white or pale and from the Latin ocularis meaning "of the eyes"; in reference to the pale or white eyes of this subspecies.

Etymology (triaureus): From the Latin tri meaning "three" and from the Latin aureus meaning "golden"; in reference to the one dorsal and two lateral golden tail stripes of this subspecies. 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • BROWN, DANNY; JESSICA WORTHINGTON WILMER & STEWART MACDONALD 2012. A revision of Strophurus taenicauda (Squamata; Diplodactylidae) with the description of two new subspecies from central Queensland and a southerly range extension. Zootaxa 3243: 1–28
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich J.A., Couper, P.J., McDonald, K.R. 1998. Reptile diversity at risk in the Brigalow Belt, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 42 (2): 475-486
  • de Vis, C. W. 1886. On certain geckos in the Queensland Museum. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (2) 1 (I): 168—170 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1929. Herpetological notes No. I. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (2): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die Gattung Strophurus. Draco 8 (29): 49-66 - get paper here
  • Pavey, C. R., Vanderduys, E. and Raghu, S. 2016. Habitat selection by two focal species; golden- tailed gecko and glossy black-cockatoo. A report to the Gas Industry Social and Environmental Research Alliance (GISERA). CSIRO, Alice Springs
  • Porter, Robert 2001. Captive Maintenance and Breeding of the Golden-tailed Gecko Diplodactylus taenicauda. Gekko 2 (1): 2-5
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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