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Suta suta (PETERS, 1863)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCurl Snake, Myal Snake 
SynonymHoplocephalus sutus PETERS 1863: 234
Alecto wiebelii JAN 1863
Hoplocephalus frenatus PETERS 1870: 646
Hoplocephalus carpentariae MACLEAY 1887: 403 (fide COGGER 1983)
Hoplocephalus frontalis OGILBY 1890: 1027
Hoplocephalus stirlingi LUCAS & FROST 1896: 149
Denisonia suta — BOULENGER 1896
Denisonia frontalis propinqua DE VIS 1905: 51
Denisonia forresti BOULENGER 1906: 440
Demansia forresti — KINGHORN 1929 (?)
Suta suta — WORRELL 1962
Suta suta — COGGER 1983: 237
Suta suta — WELCH 1994: 109
Suta suta — COGGER 2000: 692
Suta suta — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Suta suta — WALLACH et al. 2014: 691 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, West Australia)

Type locality: “Buchsfelde bei Adelaide in Südaustralien” (Loos, near Gawler, South Australia [Hoplocephalus sutus PETERS 1863]) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 4715 (Hoplocephalus sutus PETERS 1863)
Holotype: ZMB 6922, from Lake Elphinstone, Qld. [Hoplocephalus frenatus].
Holotype: AM R31926, from near Normanton, Qld. (status unclear because this specimen differs from the original description fide COGGER 1983) [Hoplocephalus carpentariae].
Holotype: AM R655, from Narrabri, N. S. W. [Hoplocephalus frontalis].
Lectotype: (only extant syntype), NMV D11758, from Charlotte Waters, N. T., other type localities in original description were Oodnadatta, S. A., Alice Springs, N. T., and Hermannsburg, N. T., lectotype designated by Coventry (1970) [Hoplocephalus stirlingi].
Holotype: QM J198, from Qld. [Denisonia frontalis propinqua].
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.1.20.72-3, from Alexandria, N. T. [Denisonia forresti].
Holotype: ZMH R04380 [Alecto wiebelii] 
CommentType species: Hoplocephalus sutus PETERS 1863 is the type species of the genus Suta WORREL 1961: 25

Synonymy modified after COGGER 1983. Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Hulimkai Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Suta.

Venomous! 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1906. Description of a new lizard and a new snake from Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 18: 440-441 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Coventry, A. J. 1970. Reptile and amphibian type specimens housed in the National Museum of Victoria. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 31: 115-124.
  • Coventry, A. J. 1971. Identification of the black-headed snakes (Denisonia) within Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 88: 304-306
  • Coventry, A. J. & Rawlinson, P. A. 1980. Taxonomic revision of the elapid snake genus Drysdalia Worrell, 1961. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vict. 41: 65-78
  • de Vis, Charles Walter de 1905. A new genus of lizard. Ann. Queensland Museum (Brisbane) 6: 46-52
  • de Vis, Charles Walter de 1905. A new genus of lizard. On Typhlops torresianus. Ann. Queensland Museum (Brisbane) 6: 48 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2012. The description of a new genus of west Australian snake and eight new taxa in the genera Pseudonaja Gunther, 1858, Oxyuranus Kinghorn, 1923 and Panacedechis Wells and Wellington, 1985 (Serpentes: Elapidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 32-50 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1920. Studies in Australian reptiles. No. 1. Rec. Austral. Mus. 13 (3): 110-117 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1929. Herpetological notes No. I. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (2): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1896. Reptilia. Report on the work of the Horn Expedition to Central Australia. 2: 112-151
  • Macleay, W. 1887. On a new Hoplocephalus from the Gulf of Carpentaria. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. (2) 2: 403-404 [1888 on title page] - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2011. Diplodactylus tessellatus Gunther, 1875 (Squamata: Diplodactylidae), Parasuta dwyeri Greer, 2006 and Suta suta Peters, 1863 (Squamata: Elapidae): Distribution extension in the Murray catchment of New South Wales, South-eastern Australia. Check List 7 (5): 578-580 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Ogilby, J. D. 1890. Description of a new snake belonging to the genus Hoplocephalus. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. (2) 4: 1027-1030 [1889 on title page] - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1863. Eine Übersicht der von Hrn. Richard Schomburgk an das zoologische Museum eingesandten Amphibien, aus Buchsfelde bei Adelaide in Südaustralien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1863 (April): 228-236 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1870. Eine Mitteilung über neue Amphibien (Hemidactylus, Urosaura, Tropidolepisma, Geophis, Uriechis, Scaphiophis, Hoplocephlaus, Rana, Entomogossus, Cystignathus, Hylodes, Arthroleptis, Phyllobates, Cophomantis) des Königlich-zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1870: 641-652
  • Schmida, G. 2005. Betrachtungen zu ostaustralischen Bartagamen. Draco 5 (22): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Smith, L. A. 1978. The elapid snakes Denisonia pallidiceps and Denisonia suta in the Kimberleys of Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 14: 75-76
  • Storr G M 1984. Revision of Denisonia suta (Serpentes: Elapidae) and the description of a new species closely related to it. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 11 (3): 249-257 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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