Taeniophallus nebularis SCHARGEL, RIVAS & MYERS, 2005
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|Higher Taxa||Colubridae (Dipsadinae, Echinantherini), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Synonym||Taeniophallus nebularis — SCHARGEL, RIVAS & MYERS 2005|
Taeniophallus nebularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 697
|Distribution||NE Venezuela (Peninsula de Paria), elevation 800|
Type locality: “from trail between Las Melenas and Cerro
Humo, 800 m elevation (108399N, 628349W), Peninsula de Paria, Estado Sucre, Venezuela.”
|Types||Holotype: MHNLS 15743|
|Diagnosis||DEFINITION AND DIAGNOSIS: Distinguished from all other species of New World ‘‘xenodontine’’ colubrids by the following combination of characters (based on the one known specimen, a male). Size and proportions: Small terrestrial colubrid more or less 500 mm in total length, with tail comprising about a third of total. Head distinct from neck, body slightly higher than wide, ventrolaterally rounded, with 19-19-17 rows of smooth dorsal scales; paired apical pits anteriorly.|
Color pattern: Dorsally brown with dark vertebral line from anterior body onto
tail, sides gray; white postocular stripe to corner of mouth and lower neck. Midventer yellow between serrated edges of two parallel rows of triangular dark markings.
Scutellation: Ventrals 156, subcaudals 92 pairs, anal plate divided. Normal complement of colubrid head plates. Supralabials 8, with labials 2–3 touching loreal, 3–5 touching eye; one preocular, no small subpreocular. Dentition:
Moderately high number (20) of maxillary teeth followed by diastema and two enlarged, offset, ungrooved fangs.
Hemipenis: Noncapitate, approximately distal 30% bilobed. Sulcus spermaticus dividing about halfway up the organ, with centrolineal branches. Sulcate side calyculate to flounced above sulcus fork and on lateral sides of lobes, with large papillae tending to have spinulate tips. Lobes tipped with one or more
enlarged apical calyces. Asulcate side of hemipenis with wide interspinal gap that becomes a broad nude area on eversion, extending distally from a transverse pair of large spines onto medial sides of lobes, flanked by dense clusters of small spines. Basal nude pocket present. Readily distinguished from all other named Taeniophallus and also from species of Echinanthera s.s. by the presence of 19 rows of dorsal scales at midbody (vs. 17 or 15 rows) and unique hemipenis.
|Comment||There is some debate about species allocation to Taeniophallus. Most species have been assigned to Echinanthera now. See links to photos under this genus.|
|Etymology||Named after the Latin noun nebula (mist, fog), thus nebularis meaning ‘‘belonging to the mist’’. The suffix (a variant of -alis), for stems ending in l, is declined -aris (masculine and feminine), -are (neuter).|
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