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Takydromus tachydromoides (SCHLEGEL, 1838)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Japanese Grass Lizard 
SynonymLacerta tachydromoides SCHLEGEL in SIEBOLD, TEMMINCK & SCHLEGEL 1842: 101
Tachydromus sexlineatus HALLOWELL 1860 (fide SCHLÜTER 2003)
Tachydromus tachydromoides — BOULENGER 1887: 509
Tachydromus japonicus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 161
Tachydromus japonicus — HALLOWELL 1861: 495
Tachysaurus japonicus — GRAY 1845: 52
Tachydromus holsti BOULENGER 1894: 733
Takydromus tachydromoides — STEJNEGER 1907: 238
Takydromus tachydromoides oldi WALLEY 1958: 203
Takydromus tachydromoides — MATSUI 1996
Takydromus tachydromoides — SCHLÜTER 2003: 91
Takydromus tachydromordes [sic] — LUE & LIN 2008 
DistributionJapan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Tzushima, Yaku, Sado, nakanoshima/Tokara group); South Korea ? (questionable fide ARNOLD 1997)

Type locality: Nagasaki

oldi: Type locality: Tajon, [Ch’ung- ch’ong, Pukto Province], South Korea.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 2664, MNHN-RA 1994.1874 (formerly MNHN-RA 2664A); ZMB 1046
Holotype: USNM 129818 [oldi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (oldi). Agrees with tachydromoides in having the same number of ventral rows, femoral pores, and dorsals, but differs in having a distinct collar, of three to four rows of granular scales; keeled ventrals; reduced number of ventral rows; neck slightly narrower than head; and in coloration by having a distinct white collar and uniform chocolate brown ground color. 
CommentSynonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. Arnold 1997 and SCHLÜTER (2003) lists T. t. oldi as synonym of T. tachydromoides. Often the year is given as 1838. However the date on the book is 1842. See Sherborn & Jentink 1895 for details on publication dates. 
  • Alexander, Donald R.;Diener, Richard A. 1958. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from Japan. Copeia 1958 (3): 218-219 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E. N. 1997. Interrelationships and evolution of the east Asian grass lizards, Takydromus (Squamata: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 119 (2) February, 1997, p 267-296 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1895. Second report on additions to the lizard collection in the Natural History Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1894: 722-736 [published in April 1895 fide A. Bauer] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1861. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480 - 510 - get paper here
  • Jackson, D.R. & S.R. Telford, Jr. 1975. Food habits and predatory role of the Japanese lizard Takydromus tachydromoides Copeia 1975 (2): 343-351. - get paper here
  • Kikukawa, Nobuto and Tsutomu Hikida 2012. Geometric Morphometric Analysis of Sexual Dimorphism and Allometric Growth in the Skull of the Japanese Grass Lizard, Takydromus tachydromoides (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Current Herpetology 31 (2): 97-106 - get paper here
  • Lin J Y; Cheng H Y 1981. A new species of Takydromus (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Taiwan. Bulletin of the INSTITUTE OF ZOOLOGY ACADEMIA SINICA (TAIPEI) 20(1) 1981: 43-47
  • Lin, Si-Min; Chaolun Allen Chen and Kuang-Yang Lue 2002. Molecular Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Grass Lizards Genus Takydromus (Reptilia: Lacertidae) of East Asia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 276-288 [erratum in 26: 333] - get paper here
  • Lue, Kuang-Yang and Si-Min Lin 2008. Two New Cryptic Species of Takydromus (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Taiwan. Herpetologica 64 (3): 379-395 - get paper here
  • Mochida, Koji; Takahide Sasai, Yohei Kadota, Mari Nishikawa, Makoto M. Itou and Mamoru Toda 2018. Thermal Reaction Norms of Locomotor Performance in Lacertid Lizards of the Genus Takydromus. Current Herpetology Aug 2018, Vol. 37, No. 2: 114-123. - get paper here
  • Mori, A. 1990. Tail vibration of the Japanese grass lizard Takydromus tachydromoides as a tactic against a snake predator. Journal of Ethology 8: 81-88 - get paper here
  • Mori, A. 1991. Spontaneous immobility of the Japanese lacertid lizard, Takydromus tachydromoides. Japanese Journal of Herpetology 14: 1-5 - get paper here
  • Okamoto, Taku 2016. Historical Biogeography of the Terrestrial Reptiles of Japan: A Comparative Analysis of Geographic Ranges and Molecular Phylogenies. Species Diversity of Animals in Japan, pp 135-163; DOI<br />10.1007/978-4-431-56432-4_5 - get paper here
  • OKUYAMA, KENTARO & TAKESHI SASAKI. 2021. Morphological Characteristics and Embryogenesis of the Vomeronasal Organ and Associated Structures in the Japanese Grass Lizard, Takydromus tachydromoides (Squamata: Lacertoidea: Lacertidae). Ichthyology & Herpetology 109(3): 691–704. - get paper here
  • Okuyama, Kentaro; Yume Sakuma & Takeshi Sasaki 2021. Post-Ovipositional Developmental Stages of the Japanese Grass Lizard, Takydromus tachydromoides (Squamata: Lacertidae). Current Herpetology Feb 2021 Vol. 40, No. 1: 66-76 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1842. Description des Sauriens japonais. In Siebold, Temminck & Schlegel, Fauna japonica sive... Apud A. Arnz et Socios, Lugundi Batavorum, pp. 101-102 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2003. Die Langschwanzeidechsen der Gattung Takydromus. Kirschner & Seufer Verlag, 110 pp. [review in Draco 21: 91, Elaphe 13 (2): 22] - get paper here
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Sherborn, C.D. and Jentink, F.A. 1895. On the Dates of the Parts of Siebold's ' Fauna Japonica and Giebel's ' Allgemeine Zoologie ' (first edition). Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 149-150 - get paper here
  • Staniszewski, M.S. 2003. Field trip to Japan. Part II: Western Honshu and subtropical Islands. Reptilia (GB) (26): 48-51 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Takehana, Yusuke; Yasuhiro Matsuda, Junko Ikuta, Alexey P. Kryukov and Mitsuru Sakaizumi 2016. Genetic Population Structure of the Japanese Grass Lizard, Takydromus tachydromoides (Reptilia: Squamata), Inferred from Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Variations. Current Herpetology 35 (1): 22-32. - get paper here
  • Takenaka, S. 1980. Growth of the Japanese Grass Lizard Takydromus tachydromoides in relation to reproduction Herpetologica 36 (4): 305-310. - get paper here
  • Telford, S.R., Jr. 1969. The ovarian cycle, reproductive potential and structure in a population of the Japanese lacertid Takydromus tachydromoides Copeia 1969 (3): 548-567. - get paper here
  • Telford, S.R., Jr. 1970. Seasonal fluctuations in liver and fat body weights of the Japanese lacertid Takydromus tachydromoides Schlegel Copeia 1970 (4): 681-688. - get paper here
  • Temminck, C. J., and H. Schlegel. 1838. Reptilia elaborantibus. Saurii et batrachii. in Ph. Fr. de Siebold: Pp. 85-144. Fauna Japonica auctore. L. Batavorum. - get paper here
  • Temminck, C.J., and H. Schlegel. 1835. Vol. III Reptilia. xxii + 144 p., 27 pls. In: P.F. Von Siebold, Fauna Japonica sive Descriptio animalium, quae in itinere per Japonianum, jussu et auspiciis superiorum, qui summum in India Batava Imperium tenent, suscepto, annis 1823-1830 colleget, n J.G. Lalau, Leiden [1838]. [see note in species entry] - get paper here
  • Walley, Harlan D. 1958. A new lacertid lizard from Korea. Herpetologica 14: 203-205 - get paper here
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