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Tantilla alticola (BOULENGER, 1903)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Boulenger's Centipede Snake 
SynonymHomalocranium alticola BOULENGER 1903: 353
Homalocranium jani GÜNTHER 1895 (part.)
Homalocranium fuscum — BOULENGER 1896 (part. — in error)
Homalocranium alticola BOULENGER 1903
Homalocranium coralliventre BOULENGER 1913: 1035
Tantilla alticola — AMARAL 1929: 219
Tantilla costaricensis TAYLOR 1954
Tantilla schistosa costaricensis — SMITH 1962
Tantilla alticola — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 294
Tantilla alticola — JANSEN & KÖHLER 2003
Tantilla alticola — WALLACH et al. 2014: 698 
DistributionNicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama,
NW Colombia (Nariño, Valle del Cauca, Cauca, Tolima), Ecuador, elevation 91-2743 m

Type locality: from Santa Rita, north of Medellin, Colombia, [elevation] 9000 feet = 2743 m, collected by Mr. A. E. Pratt.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.8.63-65 (formerly BMNH, first two males, third apparently a female, collected by A. E. Pratt (date of collection unknown; accessioned 27 October 1898). 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. 
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1903. Descriptions of new snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 12: 350-354 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1913. On a collection of batrachians and reptiles made by Dr. H.G. Spurrell,F.Z.S. in the Choco, Colombia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1913: 1019-1038 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M. & G. Koehler 2002. Biogeographische Analyse der Herpetofauna von ausgewählten Hochlandgebieten Nicaraguas. Salamandra 38 (4): 269-286 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Mueses-Cisneros, J.J. & B. Cepeda Quilindo 2006. Geographic distribution Tantilla alticola (Boulenger’s centipede snake). Herpetological Review 37 (4): 501. - get paper here
  • Myers, E.A.; S. Ruane; K. Knight; J.L. Knight; J.M. Ray. 2013. Distribution Record of Tantilla alticola Boulenger, 1903 (Squamata: Colubridae) in Coclé Province, Republic of Panama. Check List 9 (1):151-152 - get paper here
  • Páez, V.P. et al. 2002. Guía de campo de algunas especies de anfibios y reptiles de Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia, - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Jesus Pacheco, Fernando Mendoza-Quijano, Federico Bolaños,<br />Gerardo Cháves , Gretchen C. Daily, Paul R. Ehrlich & Gerardo Ceballos 2008. Diversity, natural history and conservation of amphibians and reptiles from the San Vito Region, southwestern Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 755-778 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Vanegas-Guerrero, Jhonattan, Abel Batista, Iliana Medina, Fernando Vargas-Salinas 2015. Tantilla alticola (Boulenger, 1903) (Squamata: Colubridae): filling a geographical distribution gap in western Colombia. Check List 11 (1): 1555 - get paper here
  • Vera Pérez, Luis Enrique; Jorge Alberto Zúñiga-Baos, Giovanna Gondim Montingelli 2015. First record of Tantilla alticola (Boulenger, 1903) (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Cauca state, Colombia, filling distribution gap and notes on natural history. Check List 11 (2): 1578 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, Larry David and Vicente Mata-Silva 2015. A checklist and key to the snakes of the Tantilla clade (Squamata: Colubridae), with comments on distribution and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 418 - get paper here
  • Wilson,L.D. 1982. A Review of the Colubrid Snakes of the Genus Tantilla of Central America. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. (52): 1-77 - get paper here
  • Wilson,L.D. 1986. Tantilla alticola. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 400: 1. - get paper here
  • Wilson,L.D. 1987. A Résumé of the Colubrid Snakes of the Genus Tantilla of South America. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. (68): 1-35 - get paper here
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