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Tarentola caboverdiana SCHLEICH, 1984

IUCN Red List - Tarentola caboverdiana - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Cape Verde Wall Gecko 
SynonymTarentola caboverdianus caboverdianus SCHLEICH 1984
Tarentola delalandii — BOCAGE 1896: 4 (part.), 1902: 209 (part.)
Tarentola delalandii var. rudis — LOVERIDGE 1947: 334 (part.)
Tarentola delalandei delalandei — DEKEYSER & VILLIERS 1951: 1152 (part.)
Tarentola delalandii rudis — MERTENS 1954: 6 (part.)
Tarentola delalandii delalandii — SCHLEICH 1982: 246 (part.)
Tarentola caboverdiana caboverdiana — JOGER 1984: 102
Tarentola caboverdianus — SCHLEICH 1984
Tarentola caboverdiana — SCHLEICH 1987
Tarentola caboverdiana caboverdiana — JOGER 1993
Tarentola caboverdianus — KLUGE 1993
Tarentola caboverdiana antoensis JOGER 1984 (nomen nudum)
Tarentola (Makariogecko) caboverdiana — CARRANZA et al. 2000
Tarentola caboverdiana — VASCONCELOS et al. 2012: 348
Tarentola caboverdiana — MORAVEC 2023 
DistributionSto. Antão (Cape Verde Islands)

Type locality: Sto. Antão (Cape Verde Islands)  
TypesHolotype: ZSM 141/1981/3 (given as ZSM 03.141/81) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (caboverdiana): Medium-sized gecko [maximum SVL around 73.0 mm (Joger, 1993), 56.7 mm on average; Appendix 2], eye/ear opening ratio between 1.5 and 2 (Schleich, 1987); ear–eye/eye–snout distance ratio ≤ 1 (Schleich, 1987). Nine to 13 supralabials and seven to ten infralabials (Schleich, 1987); eight to ten enlarged lamellae under the 4th finger; 116–150 midbody scales (Joger, 1984b); oval to round conical and saddle-like more-or-less keeled dorsal tubercles (Fig. 5B3) with 14–16 (often 16) longitudinal lines (Schleich, 1987); no tubercles between the eye and the ear opening. Dorsal pattern with symmetrical butterfly- or X-shaped dark dorsal crossbands often lined with whitish tubercles posteriorly; vertebral stripe frequently present, but narrow and indistinct (Figs 6B3, 7B3); cream to yellow ventral parts; gen- erally white labials; eye iris blackish.
It differs from other Tarentola from clades B and C by its tail length, which is smaller than SVL (Schleich, 1984). It differs from T. raziana by its larger SVL and higher number of dorsal bands; from T. substituta by its lower number of interorbital scales and by the head length being comparatively shorter than hind- limb length (Joger, 1984b). It differs from specimens from clade C by having a lower number of lamellae under the fifth toe (Joger, 1984b). MORPHOBANK M44501–M44514, M55715–M55761 [VASCONCELOS et al. 2012]. 
CommentSynonymy after Filipe Sousa (pers. comm.) and  VASCONCELOS et al. 2012.

Subspecies: The subspecies Tarentola caboverdianus substituta JOGER 1984
T. c. nicolauensis SCHLEICH 1984, and T. c. razianus SCHLEICH 1984 have been elevated to full species status. 
Etymologynamed after its type locality. 
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas; Mateo, J. A. and L. F. López-Jurado 2000. Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proc. R. Soc. London B 267: 637-649 - get paper here
  • Jesus, J.; Brehm, A. & Harris, D.J. 2002. Relationships of Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from the Cape Verde Islands estimated from DNA sequence data. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 47-54 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Joger, U. 1984. Die Radiation der Gattung Tarentola in Makaronesien. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 71: 91-111
  • Joger, U. 1984. Morphologische und biochemisch-immunologische Untersuchungen zur Systematik und Evolution der Gattung Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 112:137-256
  • Köhler, G.; Hertz, A.; Sunyer, J.; Seipp, R. & Monteiro, A. 2007. Herpetologische Forschungen auf den Kapverden unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Kapverdischen Riesenskinks, Macroscincus coctei. Elaphe 15 (4): 62-66
  • Moravec, J. 2023. Herpetological notes from the islands of São Vicente and Santo Antão, Cabo Verde. Zoologia Caboverdiana 11, 1, 03–09 - get paper here
  • Schleich H H 1984. Die Geckos der Gattung Tarentola der Kapverden (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 68: 95-106
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
  • Vasconcelos, R., A. Perera, P. Geniez, D. J. Harris, and S. Carranza. 2012. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Tarentola geckos (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) of the Cape Verde Islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164 (2): 328-360 - get paper here
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