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Tarentola caboverdiana SCHLEICH, 1984

IUCN Red List - Tarentola caboverdiana - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCape Verde Wall Gecko 
SynonymTarentola caboverdianus caboverdianus SCHLEICH 1984
Tarentola delalandii — BOCAGE 1896: 4 (part.), 1902: 209 (part.)
Tarentola delalandii var. rudis — LOVERIDGE 1947: 334 (part.)
Tarentola delalandei delalandei — DEKEYSER & VILLIERS 1951: 1152 (part.)
Tarentola delalandii rudis — MERTENS 1954: 6 (part.)
Tarentola delalandii delalandii — SCHLEICH 1982: 246 (part.)
Tarentola caboverdiana caboverdiana — JOGER 1984: 102
Tarentola caboverdianus — SCHLEICH 1984
Tarentola caboverdiana — SCHLEICH 1987
Tarentola caboverdiana caboverdiana — JOGER 1993
Tarentola caboverdianus — KLUGE 1993
Tarentola caboverdiana antoensis JOGER 1984 (nomen nudum)
Tarentola (Makariogecko) caboverdiana — CARRANZA et al. 2000
Tarentola caboverdiana — VASCONCELOS et al. 2012: 348 
DistributionSto. Antão (Cape Verde Islands)

Type locality: Sto. Antão (Cape Verde Islands)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 141/1981/3 (given as ZSM 03.141/81) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (caboverdiana): Medium-sized gecko [maximum SVL around 73.0 mm (Joger, 1993), 56.7 mm on average; Appendix 2], eye/ear opening ratio between 1.5 and 2 (Schleich, 1987); ear–eye/eye–snout distance ratio ≤ 1 (Schleich, 1987). Nine to 13 supralabials and seven to ten infralabials (Schleich, 1987); eight to ten enlarged lamellae under the 4th finger; 116–150 midbody scales (Joger, 1984b); oval to round conical and saddle-like more-or-less keeled dorsal tubercles (Fig. 5B3) with 14–16 (often 16) longitudinal lines (Schleich, 1987); no tubercles between the eye and the ear opening. Dorsal pattern with symmetrical butterfly- or X-shaped dark dorsal crossbands often lined with whitish tubercles posteriorly; vertebral stripe frequently present, but narrow and indistinct (Figs 6B3, 7B3); cream to yellow ventral parts; gen- erally white labials; eye iris blackish.
It differs from other Tarentola from clades B and C by its tail length, which is smaller than SVL (Schleich, 1984). It differs from T. raziana by its larger SVL and higher number of dorsal bands; from T. substituta by its lower number of interorbital scales and by the head length being comparatively shorter than hind- limb length (Joger, 1984b). It differs from specimens from clade C by having a lower number of lamellae under the fifth toe (Joger, 1984b). MORPHOBANK M44501–M44514, M55715–M55761 [VASCONCELOS et al. 2012]. 
CommentSynonymy after Filipe Sousa (pers. comm.) and  VASCONCELOS et al. 2012.

Subspecies: The subspecies Tarentola caboverdianus substituta JOGER 1984
T. c. nicolauensis SCHLEICH 1984, and T. c. razianus SCHLEICH 1984 have been elevated to full species status. 
Etymologynamed after its type locality. 
References
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas; Mateo, J. A. and L. F. López-Jurado 2000. Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proc. R. Soc. London B 267: 637-649 - get paper here
  • Jesus, J.; Brehm, A. & Harris, D.J. 2002. Relationships of Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from the Cape Verde Islands estimated from DNA sequence data. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 47-54 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Joger, U. 1984. Morphologische und biochemisch-immunologische Untensuchungen zur Systematik und Evolution der Gattung Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 112:137-256
  • Joger, U. 1984. Die Radiation der Gattung Tarentola in Makaronesien. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 71: 91-111
  • Köhler, G.; Hertz, A.; Sunyer, J.; Seipp, R. & Monteiro, A. 2007. Herpetologische Forschungen auf den Kapverden unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Kapverdischen Riesenskinks, Macroscincus coctei. Elaphe 15 (4): 62-66
  • Schleich H H 1984. Die Geckos der Gattung Tarentola der Kapverden (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 68: 95-106
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
  • Vasconcelos, R., A. Perera, P. Geniez, D. J. Harris, and S. Carranza. 2012. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Tarentola geckos (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) of the Cape Verde Islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164 (2): 328-360 - get paper here
 
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