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Telescopus fallax FLEISCHMANN, 1831

IUCN Red List - Telescopus fallax - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesTelescopus fallax cyprianus BARBOUR & AMARAL 1927
Telescopus fallax fallax (FLEISCHMANN 1831)
Telescopus fallax iberus EICHWALD 1831
Telescopus fallax intermedius GRUBER, 1974
Telescopus fallax multisquamatus WETTSTEIN, 1952
Telescopus fallax pallidus STEPANEK, 1944
Telescopus fallax syriacus (BOETTGER 1889) 
Common NamesE: Mediterranean Cat Snake, European Catsnake
G: Europäische Katzennatter 
SynonymTelescopus fallax fallax (FLEISCHMANN 1831)
? Coluber vivax FITZINGER 1826: 57
Tarbophis fallax FLEISCHMANN 1831: 18
Telescopus fallax rhodicus WETTSTEIN 1952
Telescopus fallax mcewani SCHMIDT 1939
Tarbophis iberus EICHWALD 1831 (fide KHALIKOV, pers. comm.)
Tarbophis fallax FLEISCHMANN 1831 (fide KHALIKOV, pers. comm.)
? Tarbophis vivax — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 913
Tarbophis vivax — BOULENGER 1888
Tarbophis fallax — BOULENGER 1913
Tarbophis fallax — MARX 1930
Telescopus fallax — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Telescopus fallax — TRAPP 2007
Telescopus fallax — WALLACH et al. 2014: 711

Telescopus fallax cyprianus (BARBOUR & AMARAL 1927)
Tarbophis fallax cyprianus BARBOUR & AMARAL 1927
Tarbophis fallax cyprianus — WERNER 1936

Telescopus fallax iberus EICHWALD 1831
Trigonophis iberus EICHWALD 1831
Tarbophis iberus — BOULENGER 1913
Telescopus fallax iberus — SCHMIDT 1939
Telescopus fallax iberus — LEVITON et al. 1992
Telescopus fallax iberus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Telescopus iberus — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 240
Telescopus fallax iberus — BISCHOFF 2002
Telescopus fallax ibericus [sic] — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008
Telescopus fallax iberus — NILSON & RASTEGAR-POUYANOI 2013

Telescopus fallax pallidus STEPANEK 1944
Telescopus fallax christianus BUCHHOLZ 1955
Telescopus fallax pallidus — FRÖR & BEUTLER 1978
Telescopus fallax pallidus — SOWIG 1985

Telescopus fallax syriacus (BOETTGER 1889)
Tarbophis vivax f. syriaca BOETTGER 1889
Tarbophis fallax syriacus — BARBOUR & AMARAL 1927
Telescopus fallax syriacus — SCHMIDT 1939
Telescopus fallax syriacus — ESTERBAUER 1985
Telescopus fallax syriacus — HRAOUI-BLOQUET et al. 2002
Telescopus fallax syriacus — GÖCMEN et al. 2007 
DistributionNE Italy (Limited to Friuli district, Val Rosandra TS [E. RAZZETTI, pers. comm.])
Greece (Paros, Antiparos, Mykonos, Crete, Kalymnos, Samos, Milos: Kimolos, Corfu, Syros), Albania,
coastal Croatia (including some adriatic islands), Slovenia (?),
Hercegovina, Monte Negro, Macedonia,
S Bulgaria, Turkey, Malta, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Israel,
Soviet Union, S Russia (Caucasus, Dagestan), Armenia, Republic of Georgia, Azerbaijan

cyprianus: Cyprus

iberus: E Turkey, N Iran, S Russia, Armenia, S Republic of Georgia, Azerbaijan; Type locality: “Tiflis”.

intermedius:” Greece (Antikythira), Type locality: “Insel Antikythira” [Greece]

multisquamatus: Greece (Kufonisi off Crete).

pallidus: Greece (Crete, Gavdos, Elasa, Christiana)

syriacus: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, SE Turkey, N Israel; Type locality: “Jaffa”

Type locality: Trieste Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 9233, paratype in ZFMK [christianus]
Holotype: ZSM 19/1972, female, collected by U. Gruber, 05.04.1972 [intermedius] 
CommentSubspecies: Some subspecies like T. f. nigriceps are considered as valid species.

Distribution: listed as questionable/possible for Jordan by DISI et al. 2001. Doesn’t live on the Strophades as is occasionally reported. Syros fide Sylvie Haller Xylouris (pers. comm. 10 Aug 2014) 
References
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