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Teratoscincus keyserlingii STRAUCH, 1863

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Persian Wonder Gecko 
SynonymTeratoscincus keyserlingii STRAUCH 1863
Teratoscincus zarudnyi NIKOLSKY 1896
Teratoscincus keyzerlingii TERENTJEW & CHERNOV 1949: 128 (ex errore)
Teratoscincus kevzerlingii — CHERNOV 1959: 29 (ex errore)
Teratoscincus scincus keyserlingii —SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1996: 38
Teratoscincus keyserlingii — MACEY et al. 2005
Teratoscincus scincus keyserlingii — ANANJEVA et al. 2006
Teratoscincus keyserlingii — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008
Teratoscincus keyserlingii — GARDNER 2009
Teratoscincus keyserlingii — NAZAROV et al. 2017 
DistributionIran, Afghanistan, NE United Arab Emirates, Pakistan; Seri-Tschah, eastern Iran [probably Sar-i-Chah, Khorasan, fide Blanford, 1876:355];

Type locality: Seu-Tschah, Ost- Persien (fide Wermuth 1965: 182)

Teratoscincus zarudnyi: Type locality: Rum, eastern Iran.

Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesLectotype: ZISP (also as ZIL) 2396 designated as by Shcherbak & Golubev 1986:38; paralectotypes: (former syntypes): ZISP (also as ZIL) 2395-6, ZMB 6872
Holotype: ZISP (also as ZIL) 8804, destroyed fide I S Darevsky, pers comm., cited in ANDERSON 1999], [zarudnyi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cycloid scales of back strongly imbricate, extending onto posterior part of head, 28-34 around middle of body. Adults with longitudinal dark stripes, rather than transverse bars (Fig. 80 in Anderson 1999: 188). 
CommentType species: Teratoscincus keyserlingii is the type species of the genus Teratoscincus STRAUCH 1863. Reports of keyserlingii from Qatar are questionable (Arnold 1977, D. Gardner, pers. comm.).

Synonymy: partly following WERMUTH 1965 who (following TERENTJEW & CERNOV 1949) synonymized T. zarudnyi and T. keyserlingii with T. scincus. Teratoscincus roborowskii has been removed from the synonymy of this species by Macey et al. 1997 (see this entry).

Distribution: see map in Macey et al. 2005: 189. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. See map in Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019 for map in UAE.

Key: Akbarpour et al. 2017 present a key to the 4 species of Teratoscincus of Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after Alexander Friedrich Michael Lebrecht Nikolaus Arthur, Graf von Keyserling (1815-1891), a Russian geologist, zoologist, botanist, and paleontologist of Baltic-German descent.

Etymology (genus): from Greek “teras” = wonder, monster, and “skiggos” (scincus) = the name of a lizard, based on the unusual scales on the tail and the fine scales on the tongue (from Strauch 1863). 
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