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Teratoscincus scincus (SCHLEGEL, 1858)

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Common Wonder Gecko
G: Wundergecko
Chinese: 伊犁沙虎 
SynonymStenodactylus scincus SCHLEGEL 1858: 16
Teratoscincus scincus — BOULENGER 1885: 12
Teratoscincus scincus — ALCOCK & FINN 1897
Teratoscincus scincus — SMITH 1935: 30
Teratoscincus scincus — LEVITON 1959
Teratoscincus scincus — RÖSLER 2000: 118
Teratoscincus scincus — BAUER 2013 (plates)
Teratoscincus scincus — NAZAROV et al. 2017 
DistributionC and W Iran, W Afghanistan and N Baluchistan, (Pakistan), W China (below 200 m elevation, in the north from Ili River Valley of Xinjiang Uygur and the foothills and valley of the Tien, Shan mountains), E coast of the Caspian Sea south through the deserts of the former USSR, isolated populations on the Arabian Peninsula in Qatar, Oman, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan

Type locality: Ili River, E Turkestan (= Xinjiang)
Type locality: Ili River, Kazakhstan (fide KHALIKOV, pers. comm.); Ili River Valley of Xinjiang Uygur, China [fide Zhao and Adler 1993:186].  
TypesHolotype: RMNH, possibly ZMA.RENA 15845 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cycloid scales of back strongly imbricate, extending onto posterior part of head; 28-34 scales around midbody. (Leviton et al. 1992) 
CommentSubspecies: Teratoscincus scincus keyserlingii STRAUCH 1863 and Teratoscincus scincus rustamowi SZCZERBAK 1979 are now considered as valid species.

Synonymy: partly following WERMUTH 1965 who (following TERENTJEW & TCHERNOW 1949) synonymized T. zarudnyi and T. keyserlingii with T. scincus. Teratoscincus roborowskii has been removed from the synonymy of this species by Macey et al. 1997 (see this entry).

Distribution: see map in Macey et al. 2005: 189. Not in the UAE where it is replaced by T. keyserlingii fide Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): from Greek “teras” = wonder, monster, and “skiggos” (scincus) = the name of a lizard, based on the unusual scales on the tail and the fine scales on the tongue (from Strauch 1863). 
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