You are here » home advanced search Testudo horsfieldii

Testudo horsfieldii GRAY, 1844

IUCN Red List - Testudo horsfieldii - Vulnerable, VU

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Testudo horsfieldii?

Add your own observation of
Testudo horsfieldii »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesTestudo horsfieldii horsfieldii GRAY 1844
Testudo horsfieldii bogdanovi CHKHIKVADZE 2008
Testudo horsfieldii kazachstanica CHKHIKVADZE 1988
Testudo horsfieldii kuznetzovi CHKHIKVADZE, ATAEV, SHAMMAKOV & ZATOKA 2009
Testudo horsfieldii rustamovi CHKHIKVADZE, AMIRANSCHWILI & ATAJEW 1990
Testudo horsfieldii terbishi CHKHIKVADZE 2009 
Common NamesE: Horsfield’s Tortoise
G: Steppenschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo horsfieldii GRAY 1844: 7
Homopus burnesii BLYTH 1854
Testudo horsfieldii — GRAY 1857: 343
Testudinella Horsfieldii — GRAY 1873: 143
Testudo baluchiorum ANNANDALE 1906
Agrionemys horsfieldii — KHOZATSKY & MLYNARSKI 1966
Testudo horsfieldii — TRUTNAU 1975: 138
Agryonemys [sic] horsfieldii — LANGERWERF 1979
Agrionemys horsfieldii — OBST 1985
Agrionemys horsfieldi — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Testudo horsfieldii — XIANGKUI 1994
Testudo horsfieldii — DAS 1996: 39
Agrionemys horsfieldi — SZCZERBAK 2003
Testudo horsfieldii — JOHNSTON et al. 2006
Agrionemys (Testudo) horsfieldii — BONIN et al 2006
Agrionemys horsfieldi — BONDARENKO et al. 2008
Testudo horsfieldii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Testudo horsfieldii kazachstanica CHKHIKVADZE 1988
Agrionemys horsfieldi kazachstanica CHKHIKVADZE 1988
Testudo horsfieldii kazachstanica — DAVID 1994
Agrionemys horsfieldi kazachstanica — LAGARDE 2004

Testudo horsfieldii rustamovi CHKHIKVADZE, AMIRANSCHWILI & ATAJEW 1990
Agrionemys horsfieldi rustamovi CHKHIKVADZE et al. 1990
Testudo horsfieldii rustamovi — DAVID 1994
Agrionemys rustamovi — PERÄLÄ 2002
Agrionemys horsfieldi rustamovi — LAGARDE 2004 
DistributionSE Russia (from the Caspian Sea southward), Azerbaijan, S Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, N/E Iran, Afghanistan, N Pakistan, N/W Baluchistan, NW China (Xinjiang); elevations up to 2400 m (in Afghanistan fide WERNING & WOLF 2007).

Type locality: Kabul, Afghanistan

rustamovi: Iran Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionTestudo horsfieldii and Testudo graeca ibera have been reported to produce viable hybrids (KABISCH 2001). T. horsfieldii produced also hybrids with T. hermanni boettgeri (STEINLE 1977, FRITZ 1995). 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.3. 
CommentType species: Testudo horsfieldii is the type species of the genus Agrionemys KHOZATSKY & MLYNARSKI 1966.

Distribution: Reports from Armenia are not confirmed by Ananjeva et al. (2004). Reports from Nepal also need confirmation (BONIN et al. 2006). 
References
  • Auer, M. & Herz, M. 2007. Die Landschildkröten des Iran - Persische Populationen der Maurischen Landschildkröte. Draco 8 (32): 50-55 - get paper here
  • Bondarenko, D. A. and Т. N. Dujsebayeva 2012. CENTRAL ASIAN TURTLE, AGRIONEMYS HORSFIELDII (GRAY, 1844), IN KAZAKHSTAN (ITS DISTRIBUTION, HABITAT DIVISION, AND POPULATION DENSITY) [in Russian] СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ГЕРПЕТОЛОГИЯ 12 (1/2): 3 – 26
  • Bondarenko, D.A. & Evgeny A. Peregontsev 2009. Peculiarities of landscape distribution of the Central Asian Tortoise, Agrionemys horsfieldii, in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 48: 49–62 - get paper here
  • Bondarenko, D.A.; E. A. Peregontsev and G. B. Mukhtar 2008. Current State of Steppe Tortoise (Agrionemys horsfieldii Gray, 1844) Populations in Landscapes of Southern Kazakhstan. Russian Journal of Ecology, 39 (3): 210–214
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Buskirk, James R. 1989. New locality records for Chinese non-marine chelonians [Chinemys reevesii nigricans, Cistoclemmys flavomarginata, Cuora galbinifrons hainanensis pani, Mauremys mutica, Clemmys Oscadia sinensis, Sacalia bealei quadriocellata, Platysternon megacephalum Chinese Herpetological Research 2 (2): 65-68
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Farke, C. M. & C. Distler 2015. Ontogeny and abnormalities of the tortoise carapace: a computer tomography and dissection study. Salamandra 51 (3): 231-244 - get paper here
  • Fass, Ude. 2016. Unerwarteter Fund von Naturbruten der Steppenschildkröten im Gehege. Schildkröten im Fokus 13 (2): 26-33. [ufass@t-online.de]
  • Fischer, S. & Homuth, M. 2006. Herpesvirus infection in tortoises - illness, diagnosis, and prevention. Reptilia (GB) (47): 78-82 - get paper here
  • Fischer, S. & Homuth, M. 2006. Virusinfektion bei Landschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (57): 56-63 - get paper here
  • Fong, J.J. & Qiao, G.X. 2010. New localities of endangered Chinese turtles from museum specimens and the practical and ethical challenges using and reporting natural history collection data. Zootaxa 2393: 59–68 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. 1995. Schildkröten-Hybriden. 2. Halsberger-Schildkröten (Cryptodira). Herpetofauna 17 (95): 19-34 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1844. Catalogue of Tortoises, Crocodilians, and Amphisbaenians in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History), London. viii + 80 p. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1857. Notice of some Indian tortoises (including the description of a new species presented to the British Museum by Professor Oldham). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 19: 342-344 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1873. Notes on tortoises. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 11: 143-149 - get paper here
  • Gutsche, A. 2012. Klassiker: Die Steppenschildkröte. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (4): 74-75
  • Hempel, W. 1991. Agrionemys horsfieldii (GRAY, 1844). Sauria 13 Suppl.: 213–216 - get paper here
  • Herz, M. & Auer, M. 2007. Die Landschildkröten des Iran - Steppenschildkröten in Persien. Draco 8 (32): 56-60 - get paper here
  • Hitschfeld, Ellen; Auer, Markus; Fritz, Uwe 2008. Phalangeal formulae and ontogenetic variation of carpal morphology in Testudo horsfieldii and T. hermanni. Amphibia-Reptilia 29 (1): 93-99 - get paper here
  • Jamniczky, H. A. and A. P. Russell 2007. Reappraisal of Patterns of Nonmarine Cryptodiran Turtle Carotid Circulation: Evidence From Osteological Correlates and Soft Tissues. JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 268:571–587
  • Johnston, E.E.; Rand, M.S. & Zweifel, S.G. 2006. Detection of multiple paternity and sperm storage in a captive colony of the central Asian tortoise Testudo horsfieldii. Can. J. Zool. 84: 520-526
  • Joisten, F. 2013. Amphibien und Reptilien in Nord-Afghanistan. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (103): 86-93 - get paper here
  • Kabisch, K. 2001. Bastardierung von Testudo horsfieldii GRAY 1844 und Testudo graeca ibera PALLAS 1814. Sauria 23 (2): 7-11 - get paper here
  • Kami, H. G. 1999. On the biology of the Afghan Tortoise, Testudo horsfieldi, in north-eastern Iran (Reptilia: Testudines). Zoology in the Middle East 19: 43 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Amphibians and reptiles of Pakistan. Krieger, Malabar, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Khozatsky, L.I. & MLYNARSKI, M. 1966. Agrionemys - nouveau genre de tortues terrestres (Testudinidae). Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Cl. II, 14 (2): 123-125
  • Langerwerf, B. 1979. De herpetofauna van Oezbekistan (1). Lacerta 37 (8): 133-136 - get paper here
  • Lee, D.S. & Smith, K. 2010. Testudostan: Our Post-Cold War Global Exploitation of a Noble Tortoise. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 45(1):1-9 - get paper here
  • Lourenço, João M.; Julien Claude, Nicolas Galtier, Ylenia Chiari 2011. Dating cryptodiran nodes: Origin and diversification of the turtle superfamily Testudinoidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62 (1): - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 1986. Turtles, tortoises and terrapins. St. Martins, New York. 231 pp.
  • Parham, James F.; Macey, J. Robert; Papenfuss, Theodore J.; Feldman, Chris R.; Turkozan, Oguz; Polymeni, Rosa; Boore, Jeffrey 2006. The phylogeny of Mediterranean tortoises and their close relatives based on complete mitochondrial genome sequences from museum specimens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(1):50-64 [2005] - get paper here
  • Pieh, A. & Philippen, H.D. 2007. Mediterrane Landschildkröten. Draco 8 (32): 4-34 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Stalmakova, V. A. 2005. An albino of Steppe Tortoise (Agrionemys horsfieldii(Gray, 1844)) with an unusual shell anomaly. Modern Herpetology 3/4:117-120.
  • Steinle,C.P. 1977. Ein rätselhaftes Gelege. Eier von Testudo horsfieldii durch T. hermanni befruchtet?. Aquar. Terr. Z. (Stuttgart) 30 (1): 33-34
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
  • Türkozan, Oğuz; Adem Özdemir, and Ferhat Kiremit 2008. International Testudo Trade. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 269
  • van der Kuyl, Antoinette C.; Donato L. Ph. Ballasina, John T. Dekker, Jolanda Maas, Ronald E. Willemsen and Jaap Goudsmit 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships among the Species of the Genus Testudo (Testudines: Testudinidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial 12S rRNA Gene Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 174-183 - get paper here
  • Vasilyev, V. A.; D. A. Bondarenko; E. A. Peregontsev; A. S. Voronov; A. P. Ryskov and S. K. Semenova 2008. Polymorphism of the 12S rRNA Gene and Phylogeography of the Central Asian Tortoises Agrionemys horsfieldii Gray, 1844. Russian Journal of Genetics 44 (6): 682–685
  • Werning, H. & Wolf, C. 2007. Gebirge und Hochland - Reptilien und Amphibien in einem extremen Lebensraum. Draco 7 (27): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2004. Die Steppenschildkröte (Testudo horsfieldii). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Wogawa, Diane 1996. Die Steppenschildkröte. DATZ 49 (8): 497
  • Xiangkui-Y 1994. Fossil and recent turtles of China. Science Press, Beijing. 1994: i-vi, 1-112
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator