Testudo kleinmanni LORTET, 1883
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Testudo kleinmanni?
|Higher Taxa||Testudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)|
|Common Names||E: Egyptian Tortoise (werneri: Negev Tortoise)|
G: Ägyptische Landschildkröte
|Synonym||Testudo kleinmanni LORTET 1883: 188|
Testudo leithii GÜNTHER 1869 (non T. leithii CARTER 1852)
Testudo kleinmanni — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Testudo (Pseudotestudo) kleinmanni — LOVERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1957
Testudo kleinmanni — WERNER 1988
Testudo (Pseudotestudo) kleinmanni — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 152
Testudo kleinmanni — LAPPARENT DE BROIN 2001
Testudo werneri PERÄLÄ 2001
Testudo werneri — PIEH & PHILIPPEN 2007
Testudo kleinmanni — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
|Distribution||Libya (Tripolitania & Cyrenaica) and the Western desert in Egypt, up to Alexandria in the east|
Type locality: "dans le sables de la basse Egypt, a surtout dans le environs d'Alexandrie," Egypt.
Type locality: Alexandria (Egypt) [lectotype; designated by PERÄLÄ 2001].
werneri: Israel, Egypt (from N Negev southwest along Mediterranean coastal regions on the Sinai peninsula to the Nile delta in Egypt). Type locality: northern Negev desert, Israel. Holotype found in “sand dunes 14 km south of Be’er Sheva (northern Negev desert, Israel).” Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Lectotype: MG 42000414 (original Lortet collection in Lyon; designated by PERÄLÄ 2001). Paralectotypes (formerly syntypes): MNHN 9839, USNM 10979, SMF 7810; SMF 7810 designated lectotype by Mertens 1967:52 is neither a former syntype or a lectotype, nor a current paralectotype, because it has never been part of any type series (PERÄLÄ 2001; and pers. comm.).|
Holotype: HUJ 949 (Hebrew University) [werneri]
|Comment||Nomenclature: The name leithii is already preoccupied by a fossil pelomedusid turtle described from India in 1852. In addition, the type of Testudo leithii was claimed to originate from Baluchistan (today’s NW Pakistan), where the species has never been found again (after PERÄLÄ 2001).|
Systematics: Note that a similar species from Israel, T. werneri, has been recently described by Perälä (2001). Bour (1989: Mésogée, 48) showed that the characters distinguishing Pseudotestudo were based on juveniles and are not retained into adulthood - thus Pseudotestudo was not considered a valid subgenus. Based on mtDNA sequence data Široký & Fritz (2007) concluded that T. werneri is not a valid species but a synonym of T. kleinmanni. This has been confirmed by Attum et al. (2007).
Conservation: This is one of the most endangered turtle species according to a 2003 assessment by the IUCN.
Distribution: T. werneri (when accepted as valid) is almost entirely restricted to Israel.
|Etymology||Named after the collector of the types, E. Kleinmann. T. werneri has been named after Yehuda L. Werner of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.|