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Thamnophis eques (REUSS, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Thamnophis eques - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesThamnophis eques eques (REUSS 1834)
Thamnophis eques carmenensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques cuitzeoensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques diluvialis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques insperatus CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques megalops (KENNICOTT 1860)
Thamnophis eques obscurus CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques patzcuaroensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques scotti CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques virgatenuis CONANT 1963 
Common NamesE: Mexican Garter Snake
megalops: Northern Mexican Garter Snake
G: Mexikanische Strumpfbandnatter 
SynonymColuber eques REUSS 1834: 152
Eutaenia macrostemma KENNICOTT 1860 (fide CONANT 2003)
Eutaenia insigniarum COPE 1885: 172
Thamnophis stejnegeri MCLAIN 1899
Thamnophis macrostemma macrostemma — SMITH 1942
Thamnophis eques — STEBBINS 1985: 09
Thamnophis eques — LINER 1994
Thamnophis eques — CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques — WALLACH et al. 2014: 721
Thamnophis eques — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015

Thamnophis eques eques (REUSS 1834)
Coluber eques REUSS 1834
Thamnophis eques eques — SMITH 1942: 106
Thamnophis eques eques — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques carmenensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques carmenensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques carmenensis — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques cuitzeoensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques cuitzeoensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques cuitzeoensis — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques diluvialis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques diluvialis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques diluvialis — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques insperatus CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques insperatus CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques insperatus — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques megalops (KENNICOTT 1860: 330)
Eutaenia megalops KENNICOTT 1860
Eutaenia megalops megalops — COPE 1886: 285
Thamnophis macrostemma megalops — SMITH 1939
Thamnophis macrostemma megalops — SMITH 1942: 115
Thamnophis eques megalops — TANNER 1959
Thamnophis eques megalops — VAN DEVENDER & LOWE 1977
Thamnophis eques megalops — WEBB 1984
Thamnophis eques megalops — TANNER 1985: 657
Thamnophis eques megalops — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques obscurus CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques obscurus CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques obscurus — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques patzcuaroensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques patzcuaroensis CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques patzcuaroensis — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques scotti CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques scotti CONANT 2003
Thamnophis eques scotti — LINER 2007

Thamnophis eques virgatenuis CONANT 1963
Thamnophis eques virgatenuis CONANT 1963
Thamnophis eques virgatenuis — WEBB 1984
Thamnophis eques virgatenuis — TANNER 1985: 658
Thamnophis eques virgatenuis — LINER 2007 
DistributionUSA (S Arizona, New Mexico), Mexico (from the vicinity of the Pico de Orizaba northwestward to and south to Aguascalientes, Sonora and Chihuahua, Quéretaro. Rossman et al. [1996: 173] mapped the range and showed disjunct colonies in Oaxaca and Nuevo León, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato).

carmenensis: Tlaxcala (La Lagunilla del Carmen); Type locality: near El Carmen, Tlaxcala, Mexico.

cuitzeoensis: Michoacán; Type locality: 100 m east of the southern end of the south–north causeway across the Lago de Cuitzeo, Michoacán, Mexico.

diluvialis: Jalisco, Cajititlán and several isolated localities; Type locality: near Villa Corona at the north end of the Laguna de Atotonilco, Jalisco, Mexico.

insperatus: Mexico (Michoacán); Type locality: on the highway 6 km southeast of Zacapu, Michoacán, Mexico.

megalops: Durango, Chihuahua

obscurus: Jalisco; Type locality: town of Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico.

patzcuaroensis: Michoacán; Type locality: lakeshore north of the town of Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, Mexico.

scotti: Jalisco; Type locality: near Magdalena, Lago de Magdalena, Jalisco, Mexico.

virgatenuis: highlands of Durango and Chihuahua Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionovoviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: SMF 17179
Holotype: AMNH 93915 [cuitzeoensis]
Holotype: AMNH 93937 [patzcuaroensis]
Holotype: AMNH 87550 [insperatus]
Holotype: AMNH 87543 [obscurus]
Holotype: AMNH 93966 [diluvialis]
Holotype: AMNH 96691 [scotti]
Holotype: AMNH 93842 [carmenensis]
Holotype: CAS-SUR 4032 [megalops] 
CommentSubspecies: Thamnophis eques cyrtopsis has been elevated to full species status.

Diet: mostly fish, followed in lesser amounts, respectively, by leeches, earthworms, frogs, and tadpoles (Manjarrez et al. 2016) 
Etymology The specific name eques is derived from the Latin word aequalis, meaning "equal," perhaps in reference to the equally bright colors of the dorsal ground color and the stripes. The subspecific name, megalops, is derived from the Greek words megas, meaning "large or great" and ops, in reference to the eye, thus meaning "large eye." (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013).
Most subspecies described by CONANT have been named after their type localities (such as Cuitzeo) + the adjectival-forming suffix –ensis (belonging to a place). T. e. insperatus was named from the Latin insperatus, meaning ‘‘unhoped for; unexpected’’. T. e. diluvialis from the Latin diluvialis, in reference to the overflowing of the land by water when the habitat was created by the huge rises in level of the Lago de Chapala. T. e. scotti was named after Norman J. Scott. 
References
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