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Thamnophis marcianus (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853)

IUCN Red List - Thamnophis marcianus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesThamnophis marcianus marcianus (BAIRD & GIRARD 1853)
Thamnophis marcianus praeocularis (BOCOURT 1892) 
Common NamesE: Checkered Garter Snake
G: Karierte Strumpfbandnatter 
SynonymEutainia [sic] Marciana BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 36
Eutaenia marcianus - BOCOURT 1893
Thamnophis marciana — MCLAIN 1899
Thamnophis marciana — RUTHVEN 1907: 589
Thamnophis ruthveni HARTWEG & OLIVER 1938: 1
Thamnophis ruthveni — HARTWEG & OLIVER 1940
Thamnophis ruthveni — SMITH 1942: 114
Thamnophis bovalli DUNN 1940
Thamnophis marcianus — MITTLEMAN 1949: 235
Thamnophis marcianus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 302
Eutania marciana — MALNATE 1971: 368 (in error)
Thamnophis marcianus — STEBBINS 1985: 210
Thamnophis marcianus marcianus — TANNER 1985: 655
Thamnophis marcianus marcianus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 169
Thamnophis marcianus — LINER 1994
Thamnophis marcianus marcianus — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 108
Thamnophis marcianus marcianus — LINER 2007
Thamnophis marcianus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 723

Thamnophis marcianus praeocularis (BOCOURT 1892)
Eutaenia praeocularis BOCOURT 1892: 278
Tropidonotus praeocularis — BOULENGER 1893: 418
Thamnophis arabdotus ANDREWS 1937: 357
Thamnophis praeocularis — DUNN 1940: 191
Thamnophis sumichrasti praeocularis — SMITH 1942: 99, 111
Thamnophis eques praeocularis — BOGERT & OLIVER 1945: 385
Thamnophis marcianus praeocularis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Thamnophis marcianus praeocularis — LINER 2007 
DistributionSW USA (incl. Kansas, New Mexico), Mexico (Campeche, Tamaulipas, Coahuila, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Chiapas, Hidalgo etc.), Belize, Guatemala ?, El Salvador ?,
Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica

bovalli: Nicaragua, N Costa Rica

marcianus: USA (Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma); Mexico (Chihuahua); Type locality: restricted to Red River, Arkansas. Originally included New Braunfels, Sand Pedro, and Indianola, Texas (fide TAYLOR 1949).

praeocularis: Mexico (Yucatan, Quintana Roo), Belize; Type locality: Belize

ruthveni: Oaxaca Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionovoviviparous; there is evidence for parthenogenesis in this species (REYNOLDS et al. 2013). 
TypesSyntype: ANSP 6563 (fide Malnate 1971: 368)
Holotype: USNM 844 (fide Cochran 1961: 182)
Holotype: UMMZ [ruthveni] 
CommentSynonymy after VILLA et al. 1988 and PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. SHREVE & GANS (1957) considered T. bovalli as valid.

Behavior: While most Thamnophis are diurnal, T. marcianus is at least partially nocturnal. 
EtymologyThe specific name is a patronym honoring Capt. Randolph Barnes Marcy of the 5th Infantry, United States Army, as he and Capt. George B. McClellan collected the type material during their survey of the Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the year 1852 (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013). 
References
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