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Thamnophis pulchrilatus (COPE, 1885)

IUCN Red List - Thamnophis pulchrilatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesYellow-throated gartersnake 
SynonymEutaenia pulchrilatus COPE 1885: 174
Thamnophis cyrtopsis pulchrilatus — WEBB 1984
Thamnophis pulchrilatus — ROSSMAN et al. 1996: 232
Thamnophis pulchrilatus – LINER 2007
Thamnophis pulchrilatus – DIXON & LEMOS-ESPINAL 2010
Thamnophis pulchrilatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 724 
DistributionMexico (Quéretaro, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, Jalisco, Nayarit, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Guanajuato, Michoacan)

Type locality: “locality uncertain, but probably Guanajuato”. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionovoviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 9899 (A. Dugès). 
CommentSynonymy: This species was variously considered as a species or as a synonym of T. cyrtopsis or eques

Distribution: spotty distribution in Mexico. See map 20 in Rossman 1996: 233. Erroneously not listed for Oaxaca by MATA-SILVA et al. 2015.

Sympatry: Rossman (1992a) demonstrated that pulchrilatus occurs either sympatrically or parapatrically with T. c. cyrtopsis in Durango and Tamaulipas, and with T. c. collaris in Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, and Queretaro (in addition to Guanajuato and Michoacan), without intergrading with either subspecies of T. cyr- topsis, consequently, he raised T. pulchrilatus to species status. 
References
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén A., Zaira Y. González-Saucedo and Gustavo E. Quintero-Díaz. 2014. Thamnophis pulchrilatus (yellow-throated gartersnake) diet and defensive behavior. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 344-345
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo, Cristián R. Olvera-Olvera, Sharon Y. Valdez-Rentería, Ferdinand Torres-Ángeles and Irene Goyenechea. 2016. New records of Thamnophis pulchrilatus (Squamata: Natricidae) from the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 519-523 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Cruz A 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. ZooKeys 594: 123-141, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.594.8289 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Rossman, Douglas A.; Ford, Neil B. & Seigel, Richard A. 1996. The Garter Snakes: Evolution and Ecology. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, xx + 332 + pp.
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
 
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