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Thamnophis scaliger (JAN, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Thamnophis scaliger - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Short-tail Alpine Garter Snake
G: Mexikanische Hochland-Strumpfbandnatter 
SynonymTropidonotus scaliger JAN 1863:70
Tropidonotus scaliger JAN 1865: 214
Tropidonotus scaliger — BOULENGER 1893: 203
Thamnophis scalaris scaliger — SMITH 1942
Thamnophis scalaris scaliger — TAYLOR 1949: 204
Thamnophis scaliger — LINER 1994
Thamnophis scaliger — LINER 2007
Thamnophis scaliger — WALLACH et al. 2014: 726 
DistributionMexico (Jalisco, Aguascalientes [07798], Michoacan, San Luis Potosí, Puebla, Guanajuato)

Type locality: unknown (SMITH & TAYLOR 1945) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: MSNM (Milan Museum) 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is derived from the Latin word scala, meaning "ladder," plus the suffix - ger, meaning "the bearer of," in reference to the ladder-like dorsal pattern (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013). 
References
  • Bol, Steven 2017. A rare and fascinating species of Garter snake: the Short-tail Alpine Garter Snake Thamnophis scaliger Jan, 1863. Litteratura Serpentium 37 (2): 53-76 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Bourguignon, T. 2002. Strumpfbandnattern: Herkunft - Pflege - Arten. E. Ulmer Verlag, 125 pp.
  • Feriche, Mónica; Senda Reguera, Xavier Santos, Estrella Mociño-Deloya, Kirk Setser, Juan M. Pleguezuelos 2011. Biometry and pholidosis of Thamnophis scaliger: an atypical example of sexual dimorphism in snakes. Basic and Applied Herpetology 25: 105-113 - get paper here
  • Feriche, Mónica; Senda Reguera,Xavier Santos, Estrella Mociño-Deloya,Kirk Setser,Juan M. Pleguezuelos 2016. Female Reproduction in Thamnophis scaliger: The Significance of Parturition Timing Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 209-215 - get paper here
  • Grünwald, Christoph Imre, Nadia Pérez-Rivera, Iván Trinidad Ahumada-Carrillo, Héctor Franz-Chávez and Brandon Thomas La Forest. 2016. New distributional records for the herpetofauna of Mexico. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 85-90
  • Hallmen, M. & Chlebowy, J. 2001. Strumpfbandnattern. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Queiroz, Alan de; Robin Lawson and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of North American Garter Snakes (Thamnophis) Based on Four Mitochondrial Genes: How Much DNA Sequence Is Enough?. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 315-329 - get paper here
  • Quintero-Díaz, Gustavo E. and Rubén Alonso Carbajal-Márquez. 2016. Distribution Notes. Thamnophis scaliger (Jan, 1863). Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 203 - get paper here
  • Quintero-Díaz,G. et al. 1999. Geographic distribution: Thamnophis scaliger. Herpetological Review 30 (4): 237 - get paper here
  • Rossman, Douglas A.; Ford, Neil B. & Seigel, Richard A. 1996. The Garter Snakes: Evolution and Ecology. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, xx + 332 + pp.
  • Rossman,D.A. & Gongora,G.L. 1997. Variation in the mexican garter snake Thamnophis scalaris COPE and the taxonomic status of T. scaliger (JAN). Occ. Pap. Mus. Nat. Sci., Louisiana State Univ., 74: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1942. The synonymy of the garter snakes (Thamnophis), with notes on Mexican and Central American species. Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society 27 (3 and 4): 97-123
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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