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Thamnophis sumichrasti (COPE, 1866)

IUCN Red List - Thamnophis sumichrasti - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Sumichrast's Garter Snake
G: Sattelflecken-Strumpfbandnatter 
SynonymEutaenia sumichrasti COPE 1866: 306
Eutaenia phenax COPE 1868
Eutaenia sumichrasti — COPE 1885: 174
Thamnophis haliophis TAYLOR 1940
Thamnophis phenax phenax — SMITH 1942
Thamnophis sumichrasti sumichrasti — SMITH 1942: 110
Thamnophis phenax halophilus — SMITH 1942
Thamnophis phenax phenax — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945: 165
Thamnophis phenax halophilus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1945: 165
Thamnophis sumichrasti — LINER 1994
Thamnophis sumichrasti — LINER 2007
Thamnophis sumichrasti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 726 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas, Queretaro, San Luis Potosí, Tabasco, Puebla, Veracruz, Hidalgo)

Type locality: Orizava, Mexcio Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 26501-26502 (orig. 45) (F. Sumichrast).
Holotype: UIMNH [halophilus] 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific name is a patronym honoring Adrien Jean Louis François de Sumichrast, a well-known 19th century Swiss naturalist who worked and remained in Mexico until his death, in 1882 (LEMOS-ESPINAL & DIXON 2013). 
References
  • Bourguignon, T. 2002. Strumpfbandnattern: Herkunft - Pflege - Arten. E. Ulmer Verlag, 125 pp.
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1867. On the REPTILIA and BATRACHIA of the Sonoran Province of the Nearctic Region. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 18 [1866]: 300-314 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Hallmen, M. & Chlebowy, J. 2001. Strumpfbandnattern. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Queiroz, Alan de; Robin Lawson and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of North American Garter Snakes (Thamnophis) Based on Four Mitochondrial Genes: How Much DNA Sequence Is Enough?. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 315-329 - get paper here
  • Rossman, Douglas A. 1965. Identity and relationships of the Mexican garter snake Thamnophis sumichrasti (Cope). Copeia 1965 (2): 242-244 - get paper here
  • Rossman, Douglas A. 1966. Evidence for conspecificity of the Mexican garter snakes Thamnophis phenax (Cope) and Thamnophis sumichrasti (Cope). Herpetologica 22 (4): 303-305 - get paper here
  • Rossman, Douglas A.; Ford, Neil B. & Seigel, Richard A. 1996. The Garter Snakes: Evolution and Ecology. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, xx + 332 + pp.
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1942. The synonymy of the garter snakes (Thamnophis), with notes on Mexican and Central American species. Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society 27 (3 and 4): 97-123
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1943. Summary of the collections of snakes and crocodilians made in Mexico under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship. Proceeding of the U. S. National Museum, 93 (3169): 393-504 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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