Thelotornis usambaricus BROADLEY, 2001
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Thelotornis usambaricus?
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Usambara vine snake|
|Synonym||Thelotornis usambaricus BROADLEY 2001|
Thelotornis kirtlandii STEJNEGER 1893: 733 (not HALLOWELL)
Thelotornis capensis mossambicanus BROADLEY 1979: 126 (not BOCAGE 1895)
Thelotornis usambaricus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 729
Thelotornis usambaricus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 508
|Distribution||Tanzania (East Usambara Mts), Kenya (coast), Mozambique (Vamizi Island 11°00’S, 40°40’E, possible a relict population)|
Type locality: Amani Nature Reserve, East Usambara Mts, Tanzania.
|Types||Holotype: NMZB 16181|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis.—A species inhabiting coastal forest and somewhat intermediate between T. kirtlandii and T. mossambicanus. It resembles the former in having both the crown of the head and the temporal region uniform bright green, in having some green pigment on the body and in having transverse black markings (chevrons) on the neck (more obvious in subadults), also in its high subcaudal counts. It agrees with T. mossambicanus in lacking the extension of rostral and nasals onto the dorsal surface of the head, in having some black spotting on labials, chin and throat, usually including a speckled black triangle on the sixth supralabial, and in having infralabial counts averaging more than 10. Ventral counts and hemipenal length are intermediate between those of the other two species (from BROADLEY 2001).|
|Comment||Venomous! Deadly snake, but totally unaggressive (fide S. Spawls on Facebook)|
Synonymy after BROADLEY 2001.
Habitat. Coastal forest.
Distribution: see map in Broadley 2001: 59 (Fig. 2).