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Thermophis baileyi (WALL, 1907)

IUCN Red List - Thermophis baileyi - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Xizang Hot-spring Keel-back
Chinese: Xizang Wenquan She 
SynonymTropidonotus baileyi WALL 1907: 617
Thermophis baileyi — MALNATE 1953
Thermophis baileyi — GUO & CHEN 2000
Thermophis baileyi — SUN et al. 2011
Thermophis baileyi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 729 
DistributionChina (Tibet = Xizang, Lhasa region), 3000-4000 m elevation or higher.

Type locality: “Thibet” [= Tibet]  
TypesType: BNHS = BNHM (Collection of the Bombay Natural History Society) 
CommentPlate 39H in ZHAO & ADLER 1993.

Type species: Tropidonotus baileyi WALL 1907 is the type species of the genus Thermophis MALNATE 1953.

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
Etymologynamed after Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Markham Bailey (1882- 1967), a British army officer, spy, explorer, and butterfly collector. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil;Chaturvedi, Naresh 1998. Catalogue of the herpetological types in the collection of the Bombay Natural History Society. Hamadryad 23 (2): 150-156
  • Guo, P., and Y. Y., Chen. 2000. The rare and endemic snakes in China—Thermophis baileyi. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 19 (2):79~80 - get paper here
  • GUO, Peng; SHAO YING LIU, SONG HUANG, MIAO HE, ZHI YU SUN, JIN CHAO FENG & ER MI ZHAO 2009. Morphological variation in Thermophis Malnate (Serpentes: Colubridae), with an expanded description of T. zhaoermii. Zootaxa 1973: 51-60 - get paper here
  • Hofmann, Sylvia 2012. Population genetic structure and geographic differentiation in the hot spring snake Thermophis baileyi (Serpentes, Colubridae): Indications for glacial refuges in southern-central Tibet. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63 (2): 396-406 - get paper here
  • Hofmann, Sylvia; Frank Tillack, Georg Miehe 2015. Genetic differentiation among species of the genus Thermophis Malnate (Serpentes, Colubridae) and comments on T. shangrila. Zootaxa 4028: 102–120 - get paper here
  • Hofmann, Sylvia; Peter Fritzsche, Torstein Solhøy, Tsering Dorge, and Georg Miehe 2012. Evidence of Sex-biased Dispersal in Thermophis baileyi Inferred from Microsatellite Markers. Herpetologica 68 (4): 514-522. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Liu SY, Zhao EM 2004. Discovery of Thermophis baileyi (Wall ,1907), a snake endemic to Xizang AR, from Litang County, Sichuan, China[ J]. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 23 (3): 234 - 235. - get paper here
  • Malnate, EDMOND V. 1953. The taxonomic status of the Tibetan colubrid snake Natrix baileyi. Copeia 1953 (2): 92-96. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Song Huang, Shao-ying Liu, Peng Guo, Ya-ping Zhang, Er-mi Zhao 2009. What are the closest relatives of the hot-spring snakes (Colubridae, Thermophis), the relict species endemic to the Tibetan Plateau? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (3): 438-446 - get paper here
  • SUN, Xiaoyu; Shaoying LIU and Song HUANG 2011. Tibetan Plateau Relict Snakes of the Genus Thermophis and Their Relationship to New World Relict Snakes. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (3): 161-168 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1907. Some new Asian snakes. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 612-618 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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