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Tiliqua gigas (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesTiliqua gigas evanescens SHEA 2000
Tiliqua gigas keiensis OUDEMANS 1894
Tiliqua gigas gigas (SCHNEIDER 1801) 
Common NamesE: Giant Bluetongue Skink 
SynonymScincus gigas SCHNEIDER 1801: 202
Cyclodus Petersii STRAUCH 1866
Tiliqua gigas — DE ROOIJ 1915: 157
Tiliqua gigas — SMITH 1937: 233
Tiliqua gigas — MYS 1988: 147
Tiliqua gigas — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995

Tiliqua gigas evanescens SHEA 2000
Tiliqua gigas evanescens — WILMS 2005

Tiliqua gigas keyensis OUDEMANS 1894
Tiliqua gigas var. keyensis OUDEMANS 1894: 138
Tiliqua gigas keiensis — DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966: 136
Tiliqua gigas keyensis — SHEA 2000
Tiliqua gigas keyensis — NOËL 2009 
DistributionIndonesia (Ambon, Ceram, Ternate, Halmahera, Ke, Aru),
Papua New Guinea, Jobi, Admirality Islands, New Britain, Bismarck Archipelago.

evanescens: E/S Papua New Guinea, Indonesia (Irian Jaya); Type locality: Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.

keyensis: Aru, Kei Islands, Irian Jaya (Indonesia)

Type locality: “Ambon” (neotype locality)  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesNeotype: RMNH 5197, female, collected by F. Kopstein 1923, designated by Shea 2000: 180.
Holotype: AMS R 116664, adult female; paratypes: AM, AMNH, BMNH, BPBM (Honolulu), FMNH, NMW 10694, RMN, SAM, USNM, ZMB [evanescens]
Lectotype: ZMA.RENA 10991, Kei Islands, Indonesia, collected A.C. Wertheim, 1888. Designated by Daan & Hillenius (1966). [keiensis]
Holotype: ZISP 368, “Kunstkamer”. Leg.: unknown? [Cyclodus Petersii] 
Diagnosis 
CommentDistribution after BARBOUR 1914: 183. 
Etymology 
References
  • Adler,G.H.; Austin,C.C. & Dudley,R. 1995. Dispersal and speciation of skinks among archipelagos in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 529-541 - get paper here
  • BARABANOV, ANDREI & KONSTANTIN MILTO 2017. An annotated type catalogue of the anguid, dibamid, scincid and varanid lizards in the Department of Herpetology, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia (Reptilia: Sauria: Anguidae, Dibamidae, Scincidae and Varanida Zootaxa 4244 (1): 065–078 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1912. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the East Indian Islands. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (1): 1-203 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Hauschild, A., R. HITZ, K. HENLE, G.M. SHEA & H. WERNING (eds.) 2000. Blauzungenskinke. Beiträge zu Tiliqua und Cyclodomorphus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 287 pp. - get paper here
  • Hediger, H. 1934. Beitrag zur Herpetologie und Zoogeographie Neu-Britanniens und einiger umliegender Gebiete. Zool. Jahrb. (Syst.) 65: 441-582
  • Hitz,R. 2001. Neuigkeiten in der Gattung Tiliqua (Echte Blauzungenskinke). Elaphe 9 (2): 61-64
  • Janssen, J. & Leupen, B.T.C. 2019. Traded under the radar: poor documentation of trade in nationally-protected non-CITES species can cause fraudulent trade to go undetected. Biodivers Conserv (2019) - get paper here
  • Mys, Benoit 1988. The zoogeography of the scincid lizards from North Papua New Guinea (Reptilia: Scincidae). I. The distribution of the species. Bull. Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belgique (Biologie) 58: 127-183
  • Noël, V. 2009. Confusions et hybridations au sein du genre Tiliqua : Tiliqua scincoides (Hunter, 1790), Tiliqua gigas (Schneider, 1801) et Tiliqua sp. dit « Irian Jaya » (Sauria : Scincidae). [Confusions and hybridizations in the genus Tiliqua: Tiliqua scincoides ( Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 71-84 - get paper here
  • Oudemans, J. Th. 1894. Eidechsen und Schildkröten. In Semon, R. Zoologische Forschungsreisen in Australien und dem Malayischen Archipel. Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena, 8:127—146 - get paper here
  • Schade, W. 1980. Tiliqua gigas (Riesenskink). Sauria 2 (3): 23-24 - get paper here
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommanni, Jena. 374 pp. - get paper here
  • Shea, G.M. 2000. Die Neuguinea-Blauzunge, Tiliqua gigas (SCHNEIDER, 1801): Ökologie und Übersicht über die Unterarten nebst Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart, Tiliqua gigas evanescens subsp. nov. – In: HAUSCHILD, A., R. HITZ, K. HENLE, G.M. SHEA & H. WERNING (Hrsg.): Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 287 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Wilms, T. 2005. Vorstellung einer Gemeinschaftsanlage zur Haltung australischer Echsen im Reptilium Landau. Draco 5 (22): 38-45 - get paper here
 
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