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Tiliqua scincoides (WHITE, 1790)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesTiliqua scincoides scincoides (WHITE 1790)
Tiliqua scincoides intermedia MITCHELL 1955
Tiliqua scincoides chimaerea SHEA 2000 
Common NamesCommon Bluetongue, Eastern Bluetongue, Northern Bluetongue, Eastern Blue-Tongued Lizard 
SynonymLacerta scincoides WHITE 1790: 242
Lacerta scincoides — SHAW & NODDER 1794: plate 179
Scincus crotaphomelas LACÉPÈDE 1804: 209
Scincus tuberculatus MERREM 1820: 73
Tiliqua whitii GRAY 1831: 67 (non Scincus whitii LACÉPÈDE 1804)
Cyclodus boddaertii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 752 (part.)
Tiliqua scincoides — SMITH 1937: 233
Tiliqua scincoides intermedia MITCHELL 1955
Tiliqua scincoides — COGGER 1983: 191
Tiliqua scincoides — COGGER 2000: 580
Tiliqua scincoides scincoides — NOËL 2009

Tiliqua scincoides intermedia MITCHELL 1955
Tiliqua scincoides intermedia — BELL 2005

Tiliqua scincoides chimaerea SHEA 2000
Tiliqua scincoides chimaerea — KUPERUS & ZWARTEPOORTE 2007 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, North Territory, Queensland, SE South Australia, Victoria, NW West Australia)

scincoides: S/E Australia
intermedia: N Australia
chimaerea: Indonesia (Maluku Province: Tanimbar, Babar Islands)

Type locality: Australia [Lacerta scincoides, Scincus tuberculatus] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.21.94, other syntype presumed lost, from Australia.
Syntypes: for extralimital syntype (MNHP 3025, Java) see Guibé (1954) [Cyclodus boddaertii].
Holotype: SAMA R3095, from Yirrkala (as Yirrkalla), N. T. [Tiliqua scincoides intermedia]. 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983. Merrem's original description is ambiguous in that the name tuberculatus could be interpreted as a substitute name for Lacerta scincoides White, 1790 (fide COGGER 1983).

Reproduction: viviparous. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 1999. Notes on John White's Journal of a Voyage to new South Wales (1790), a Classic of Australian Herpetology. Newsletter Internatl. Soc. Hist. Bibliogr. Herpetol. 1(1):16-19
  • Bell, J.A. 2005. Tiliqua scincoides intermedia. Reptilia (GB) (41): 27-31 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Brauer, P. 1980. Tiliqua scincoides - HALTUNG UND ZUCHT DES BLAUZUNGENSKINKS. Sauria 2 (2): 5-12 - get paper here
  • Breeden, Stanley 1988. The first Australians. National Geographic 173(2): 266-289
  • Broom, R. 1898. On the lizards of the Chillagoe District, N Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 22: 639-645 - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Greenbaum, E. 2000. Herpetofaunal observations in disparate habitats in south Sustralia, New South Wales, and queensland, Australia. Herpetological Bulletin (72): 6-16
  • Guibé, J. 1954. Catalogue des Types de Lézards du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Naturelle. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 119 pp.
  • Hancock, Linda Joanne; Thompson, Michael B 1997. Distributional limits of eastern blue-tongue lizards Tiliqua scincoides, blotched blue-tongue lizards T. nigrolutea and shingleback lizards T. rugosa (Gray) in New South Wales. AUSTRALIAN ZOOLOGIST 30 (3): 340-345
  • Hanley, K. & Hanley, S. 2003. Tiliqua scincoides, Common Blue-Tongued Skink. Reptilia (GB) (29): 39-42 - get paper here
  • Hitz,R. 2001. Neuigkeiten in der Gattung Tiliqua (Echte Blauzungenskinke). Elaphe 9 (2): 61-64
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. B 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kuperus, S. & Zwartepoorte, H.A. 2007. Ervaringen met het houden en kweken van de Tanimbar-Blauwtongskink Tiliqua scincoides chimaerea. Lacerta 65 (2): 48-58 - get paper here
  • LaCépède, B. G. E. L. 1804. Mémoire sur plusieurs animaux de la Nouvelle- Hollande dont la description n’a pas encore été publiée. Annales du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 4:184-211
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1950. The scincid genera Egernia and Tiliqua (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 275-308 - get paper here
  • Murphy, Michael J. 1994. Reptiles and amphibians of Seven Mile Beach National park, NSW. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 24 (2): 24-30
  • Noël, V. 2009. Confusions et hybridations au sein du genre Tiliqua : Tiliqua scincoides (Hunter, 1790), Tiliqua gigas (Schneider, 1801) et Tiliqua sp. dit « Irian Jaya » (Sauria : Scincidae). [Confusions and hybridizations in the genus Tiliqua: Tiliqua scincoides ( Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 71-84 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M.G. 1895. SuI fatto di due distinte dentizioni nella Tiliqua scincoides White. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia comparata della R. Universita di Torino, 10 (217): 1-3
  • Price-Rees, Samantha J., Gregory P. Brown, and Richard Shine 2014. Activity Patterns and Movements of Free-Ranging Bluetongue Lizards (Tiliqua scincoides intermedia and Tiliqua multifasciata) in the Australian Wet-Dry Tropics Journal of Herpetology Sep 2014, Vol. 48, No. 3: 298-305. - get paper here
  • Shaw, George & Nodder, Frederick P. (Eds.) 1794. The Naturalist's Miscellany [...], Vol. V. London, Nodder & Co., plates 147-182, 158 unnumbered pages [published in monthly issues between between August 1, 1793, and July 1, 1794] - get paper here
  • Shea, G. M. 1993. The anatomist John Hunter (1728-1793), the Eastern Bluetongue Skink Tiliqua scincoides (Squamata: Scincidae) and the discovery of herbivory in skinks. Archives of Natural History 20 (3): 303
  • Shea, G.M. 2000. Der Sunda-Blauzungenskink Tiliqua scincoides chimaerea subsp. nov. – in: HAUSCHILD, A., R. HITZ, K. HENLE, G.M. SHEA & H. WERNING (Hrsg.): Blauzungenskinke. Beiträge zu Tiliqua und Cyclodomorphus; pp. 157-160. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 287 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Turner, Grant 1996. Some litters of the eastern blue-tongued skink Tiliqua scincoides scincoides (Scincidae). Herpetofauna (Sydney) 26 (2): 39-47
  • Valentic, Robert A. 1995. Occurrence of Tiliqua scincoides (Hunter, 1790) on Magnetic Island, Queensland. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 25 (2): 56-57
  • White, J. 1790. Journal of a voyage to new South Wales, with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London, 229 pp.
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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