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Timon kurdistanicus (SUCHOW, 1936)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Kurdistan Lizard
G: Kurdische Zagroseidechse 
SynonymLacerta princeps kurdistanica SUCHOW 1936
Timon princeps kurdistanica — BISCHOFF 2005
Timon princeps kurdistanicus — TRAPP 2006
Timon kurdistanicus — AHMADZADEH et al. 2012
Timon kurdistanicus — ŠMÍD et al. 2014 
DistributionNW Iran, NE Iraq, SE Turkey.

Type locality: Biare [= Byare Village, Bey Davraz, 35°16'N, 46°09'E], Iran [restricted to Biare = Beydarvaz by Eiselt, 1968.  
TypesHolotype: ZISP 11441:b 
DiagnosisEiselt (1968, 1969) provided an extended description of T. p. kurdistanicus and distinguished it from Timon princeps princeps by the following characters: 17-19 gular scales (20-22 in T. p. princeps); 16-21 femoral pores on each side (13-17 in T. p. princeps); outer row of ventrals (marginals) keeled as are all flank scales (smooth in T. p. princeps), lower edge of subocular half or greater than half maximum length of shield (in T. p. princeps less than half maximum length of shield). 
CommentSynonymy: Mertens (1952) considered kurdistanica as a synonym of princeps.

Distribution: Timon princeps and Timon kurdistanicus are allopatric. See map in AHMADZADEH et al. 2012, 2016. 
EtymologyNamed after the occurrence of the species in Iranian Kurdistan. 
  • AFRASIAB, S. R. & MOHAMAD, S. I. & HOSSAIN, R. H. 2013. A review of the Lacertini of Iraq in Iraqi collections. Herpetozoa 25 (3/4): 93-100 [2012] - get paper here
  • Ahmadzadeh, F., Carretero, M.A., Harris, D.J., Perera, A. & Böhme, W. 2012. A molecular phylogeny of eastern group of ocellated lizard genus Timon (Sauria: Lacertidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 33: 1–10. - get paper here
  • Ahmadzadeh, Faraham; Morris Flecks, Miguel A. Carretero, Wolfgang Böhme, Flora Ihlow, Paschalia Kapli, Andreia Miraldo and Dennis Rödder 2016. Separate histories in both sides of the Mediterranean: phylogeny and niche evolution of ocellated lizards. Journal of Biogeography; DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12703 - get paper here
  • Akman, B.; M. Z. Yildiz et al. 2018. On the herpetofauna of the East Anatolian Province of Bitlis (Turkey) (Amphibia; Reptilia). Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 69 - 82 - get paper here
  • Anooshe, K., Sohrab, A., Masoud, Y., Eskandar, R. P., Mahdi, R., Faraham, A., ... & Loïc, P. 2020. Reptile species richness associated to ecological and historical variables in Iran. Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), 10(1) - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Doronin I.V., Doronina M.A. 2020. Review of type specimens of lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae) described by Georgy Fedorovich Sukhov. (in Russian) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 324 (4): 506–524 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Suchow, G. F. [as Suchov] 1936. Eine neue Unterart der Eidechse aus dem persischen Kurdistan [in Russian with German summary] Travaux de I'Institut Zoologique de I'Academie des Sciences URSS, 3:303-308, 2 figs
  • Trapp, B. 2006. Dünne Luft - eine Exkursion ins Hochland des Irans und die Türkei. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (59): 40-49 - get paper here
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