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Timon kurdistanicus (SUCHOW, 1936)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Kurdistan Lizard
G: Kurdische Zagroseidechse 
SynonymLacerta princeps kurdistanica SUCHOW 1936
Timon princeps kurdistanica — BISCHOFF 2005
Timon princeps kurdistanicus — TRAPP 2006
Timon kurdistanicus — AHMADZADEH et al. 2012
Timon kurdistanicus — ŠMÍD et al. 2014
Timon kurdistanica — MOZAFFARI et al. 2016 
DistributionNW Iran, NE Iraq, SE Turkey.

Type locality: Biare [= Byare Village, Bey Davraz, 35°16'N, 46°09'E], Iran [restricted to Biare = Beydarvaz by Eiselt, 1968.  
TypesHolotype: ZISP 11441:b 
CommentSynonymy: Mertens (1952) considered kurdistanica as a synonym of princeps.

Distribution: Timon princeps and Timon kurdistanicus are allopatric. See map in AHMADZADEH et al. 2012, 2016. 
EtymologyNamed after the occurrence of the species in Iranian Kurdistan. 
  • AFRASIAB, S. R. & MOHAMAD, S. I. & HOSSAIN, R. H. 2013. A review of the Lacertini of Iraq in Iraqi collections. Herpetozoa 25 (3/4): 93-100 [2012] - get paper here
  • Ahmadzadeh, F., Carretero, M.A., Harris, D.J., Perera, A. & Böhme, W. 2012. A molecular phylogeny of eastern group of ocellated lizard genus Timon (Sauria: Lacertidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 33: 1–10. - get paper here
  • Ahmadzadeh, Faraham; Morris Flecks, Miguel A. Carretero, Wolfgang Böhme, Flora Ihlow, Paschalia Kapli, Andreia Miraldo and Dennis Rödder 2016. Separate histories in both sides of the Mediterranean: phylogeny and niche evolution of ocellated lizards. Journal of Biogeography; DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12703 - get paper here
  • Akman, B.; M. Z. Yildiz et al. 2018. On the herpetofauna of the East Anatolian Province of Bitlis (Turkey) (Amphibia; Reptilia). Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 69 - 82 - get paper here
  • Anooshe, K., Sohrab, A., Masoud, Y., Eskandar, R. P., Mahdi, R., Faraham, A., ... & Loïc, P. 2020. Reptile species richness associated to ecological and historical variables in Iran. Scientific Reports (Nature Publisher Group), 10(1) - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Doronin I.V., Doronina M.A. 2020. Review of type specimens of lizards (Sauria: Lacertidae) described by Georgy Fedorovich Sukhov. (in Russian) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 324 (4): 506–524 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Mozaffari, Omid; Kamran Kamali and Hadi Fahimi 2016. The Atlas of Reptiles of Iran. Iran Department of the Environment, 362 pp. [2014]
  • Suchow, G. F. [as Suchov] 1936. Eine neue Unterart der Eidechse aus dem persischen Kurdistan [in Russian with German summary] Travaux de I'Institut Zoologique de I'Academie des Sciences URSS, 3:303-308, 2 figs
  • Trapp, B. 2006. Dünne Luft - eine Exkursion ins Hochland des Irans und die Türkei. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (59): 40-49 - get paper here
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