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Timon tangitanus (BOULENGER, 1889)

IUCN Red List - Timon tangitanus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Marokko-Perleidechse, Westliche Berbereidechse 
SynonymLacerta ocellata tangitana BOULENGER 1889
Lacerta ocellata pater var. tangitana — FEJERVARY 1927
Timon tangitanus — SCHLÜTER 2003
Timon tangitanus — SCHLÜTER 2004: 44
Timon tangitanus — MATEO et al. 2005
Lacerta (Timon) tangitana — MONTORI et al. 2005
Timon tangitanus — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Timon) pater tangitanus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Timon tangitanus — AHMADZADEH et al. 2016 
DistributionMorocco (mediteranian regions), mountains of NW part of Algeria, isolatated populations higher altitudes in Saharian Atlas (Ibel Ksel), and Seguiat et Hamra; Spain

Type locality: "Tangiers"(=Tanger)  
TypesSyntypes: unlocated; assumed to be in BMNH, but not in BMNH fide P. Campbell, pers. comm., 9 July 2014. 
CommentDistribution: Now extinct in Western Sahara according to Geniez et al. 2004, although Mateo et al. 2004 found isolated populations there. See AHMADZADEH et al. 2016: Fig. 1 for a map. 
  • Abreu, J. M. Salvi, D., Perera, A. and Harris, D. J. 2020. Mitochondrial lineages or discrete species? Assessing diversity within Timon tangitanus (Lacertidae) using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 123-132. - get paper here
  • Ahmadzadeh, Faraham; Morris Flecks, Miguel A. Carretero, Wolfgang Böhme, Flora Ihlow, Paschalia Kapli, Andreia Miraldo and Dennis Rödder 2016. Separate histories in both sides of the Mediterranean: phylogeny and niche evolution of ocellated lizards. Journal of Biogeography; DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12703 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1889. On the reptiles and batrachians obtained in Morocco by M. Henry Vaucher. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 3: 303-307 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
  • FEJERVARY De, G.J. 1927. On a small collection of Reptiles from Morocco. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 20: 512-518 - get paper here
  • Geniez, P.; Mateo, J.A.; Geniez, M. & Pether, J. 2004. The amphibians and reptiles of the Western Sahara (former Spanish Sahara) and adjacent regions. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 228 pp. [reviewed in Reptilia GB 44: 81]
  • GROSSMANN, W. 2019. Observations on a lizard community in the High Atlas, Morocco Sauria 41 (1): 30 - 38 - get paper here
  • Martínez del Mármol, Gabriel; D. James Harris, Philippe Geniez, Philip de Pous, and Daniele Salvi 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Morocco. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 478 pp - get paper here
  • Mateo, J. A., A. Santana & P. Geniez 2004. Moroccan ocellated lizard in Western Sahara; answer to an old enigma. Herpetozoa 17 (3/4): 187-189 [2004] - get paper here
  • Mediani, Mohamed; José Carlos Brito, Soumia Fahd 2015. Atlas of the amphibians and reptiles of northern Morocco: updated distribution and patterns of habitat selection. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Montori, Albert; Gustavo A. Llorente, Miguel Ángel Alonso-Zarazaga, Óscar Arribas, Enrique Ayllón, Jaime Bosch, Salvador Carranza, Miguel Ángel Carretero, Pedro Galán, Mario García-París, David James Harris, Javier Lluch, Rafael Márquez, José Antonio 2005. Lista patrón actualizada de la herpetofauna española. Asociación Herpetológica Española, 45 pp.
  • Pérez I de Lanuza G, Font E 2016. The evolution of colour pattern complexity: selection for conspicuousness favours contrasting within-body colour combinations in lizards. J Evol Biol. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12835 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Jasna Vukić, Marie Altmanová, Martina Johnson Pokorná, Jiří Moravec and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2016. Conservation of sex chromosomes in lacertid lizards. Molecular Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/mec.13635 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2003. Lacertiden aus dem Reraïa-Hochtal und Toubkal-Nationalpark im Hohen Atlas von Marokko. Die Eidechse 14 (3): 94-104 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2004. Die Herpetofauna des Mittleren Atlas von Marokko. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (45): 42-49 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
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