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Toxicocalamus grandis (BOULENGER, 1914)

IUCN Red List - Toxicocalamus grandis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSetekwa River forest snake 
SynonymApistocalamus grandis BOULENGER 1914: 265
Toxicocalamus grandis — WELCH 1994: 113
Toxicocalamus grandis — KRAUS 2009
Toxicocalamus grandis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 732
Toxicocalamus grandis — O’SHEA et al. 2015 
DistributionIndonesia (Irian Jaya), New Guinea

Type locality: Launch camp, Setekwa, R., Indian Jaya  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.18.34 
CommentKnown only from a single specimen (fide Mark O’Shea, pers. comm., 3 Apr 2017).

Habitat: fossorial (digging)

Behavior: diurnal

Venomous! 
EtymologyNamed after its large size. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1914. An annotated list of the batrachians and reptiles collected by the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition and the Wollaston Expedition in Dutch New Guinea. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 20 (5): 247-275 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred 2009. NEW SPECIES OF TOXICOCALAMUS (SQUAMATA: ELAPIDAE) FROM PAPUA NEW GUINEA. Herpetologica 65 (4): 460 - get paper here
  • McDowell, Samuel B. 1969. Toxicocalamus, a New Guinea genus of snakes of the family Elapidae. Journal of Zoology, London 159: 443-511
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, Mark; Fred Parker, and Hinrich Kaiser 2015. A New Species of New Guinea Worm-Eating Snake, Genus Toxicocalamus (Serpentes: Elapidae), From the Star Mountains of Western Province, Papua New Guinea, With a Revised Dichotomous Key to the Genus. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 161 (6): 241-264. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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