Toxicocalamus loriae (BOULENGER, 1897)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Toxicocalamus loriae?
|Higher Taxa||Elapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Loria forest snake|
|Synonym||Apistocalamus loriae BOULENGER 1898: 705|
Pseudapistocalamus nymani LÖNNBERG 1900
Apistocalamus pratti BOULENGER 1904: 451
Apisthocalamus loennbergii BOULENGER 1908
Apisthocalamus loriae — BOULENGER 1908
Apisthocalamus pratti — BOULENGER 1908
Apisthocalamus nymani — BOULENGER 1908
Apisthocalamus lamingtoni KINGHORN 1928 (fide WALLACH et al. 2014)
Apistocalamus pratti — PARKER 1936: 92
Toxicocalamus loriae — WELCH 1994: 113
Apisthocalamus loennbergi — KOERBER 2009
Toxicocalamus loriae — KRAUS 2009
Toxicocalamus loriae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 732
Toxicocalamus loriae — O’SHEA et al. 2015
|Distribution||Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea; elevation ~4000 feet (from A. pratti).|
Type locality: Haveri, Central Province
|Reproduction||oviparous; a specimen of Apistocalamus loennbergi, a synonym of T. loriae (MCZ R-119027) contained seven eggs (O’Shea et al. 2018: 422).|
|Types||Holotype: MSNG 29141|
Holotype: AMS R9351, Oro Province: Mt. Lamington [lamingtoni]
Lectotype: BMNH 19184.108.40.206, paralectotypes: BMNH 19220.127.116.11– 1918.104.22.168, both Indonesia: West Papua: north of Fakfak [Apisthocalamus loennbergii]
Holotype: BMNH 1922.214.171.124, Papua New Guinea: Dinawa [Apistocalamus pratti]
Holotype: BMNH 19126.96.36.199, Morobe Province: Sattleberg [Pseudapistocalamus nymani]
|Comment||Habitat: fossorial (digging)|
Type species: Apistocalamus loriae BOULENGER 1898 is the type species of the (sub-) genus Apistocalamus BOULENGER 1898: 705.
Conservation status: least concern; this is the most common Toxicocalamus species with 66% of all museum specimens belonging to this species. However, O’Shea et al. 2015 believes that this variable species represents a species complex.
Taxonomy: Strickland et al. (2016) document at least five undescribed species that all key morphologically to Toxicocalamus loriae.
|Etymology||The species name pumehanae is a matronym honouring Kathleen Imada, whose Hawaiian name is Pumehana and who was a collection technician in the Vertebrate Zoology Collection at the Bernice P. Bishop Museum in Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. She was instrumental in the development of the Museum’s herpetology collections database and the scientific success of the collection over more than a decade of service. She now works in the Museum’s Botany Collection. Most relevant to this paper and this new species is that Pumehana facilitated the visit by MOS to the collection in June 2014 so that he could examine New Guinea elapids; she also arranged a loan of 16 specimens, including the holotype, for further study at the University of Wolverhampton (United Kingdom), in late 2014.|