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Toxicocalamus preussi (STERNFELD, 1913)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesToxicocalamus preussi angusticinctus (BOGERT & MATALAS 1945)
Toxicocalamus preussi preussi (STERNFELD 1913) 
Common NamesPreuss’s forest snake
angusticinctus: Fly River forest snake
preussi: Preuss’s Sepik forest snake 
SynonymUltrocalamus preussi STERNFELD 1913: 388
Toxicocalamus preussi — WELCH 1994: 113
Toxicocalamus preussi — KRAUS 2009
Toxicocalamus preussi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 733
Toxicocalamus preussi — O’SHEA et al. 2015

Toxicocalamus preussi angusticinctus (BOGERT & MATALAS 1945)
Ultrocalamus preussi angusticinctus BOGERT & MATALAS 1945
Toxicocalamus preussi angusticinctus — O’SHEA 1996
Toxicocalamus preussi angusticinctus — O’SHEA et al. 2015

Toxicocalamus preussi preussi (STERNFELD 1913)
Ultrocalamus preussi preussi STERNFELD 1913
Toxicocalamus preussi preussi — KRAUS 2009 (by implication) 
DistributionIndonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea

Type locality: Seleo Island, West Sepik Province Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 23948
Holotype: AMNH 57512 from Palmer Junction, Fly River, Western Province [angusticinctus] 
CommentHabitat: fossorial (digging)

Behavior: diurnal

Venomous!

Type species: Ultrocalamus preussi STERNFELD 1913: 388 is the type species of the genus Ultrocalamus STERNFELD 1913, now a synonym of Toxicocalamus. 
References
  • Bogert, Charles M.;Matalas, Bessie L. 1945. Results of the Archbold Expeditions. No. 53. A review of the Elapid genus Ultrocalamus of New Guinea. American Museum Novitates (1284): 1-8 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred 2009. NEW SPECIES OF TOXICOCALAMUS (SQUAMATA: ELAPIDAE) FROM PAPUA NEW GUINEA. Herpetologica 65 (4): 460 - get paper here
  • McDowell, Samuel B. 1969. Toxicocalamus, a New Guinea genus of snakes of the family Elapidae. Journal of Zoology, London 159: 443-511
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, Mark; Fred Parker, and Hinrich Kaiser 2015. A New Species of New Guinea Worm-Eating Snake, Genus Toxicocalamus (Serpentes: Elapidae), From the Star Mountains of Western Province, Papua New Guinea, With a Revised Dichotomous Key to the Genus. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Jul 2015, Vol. 161, No. 6: 241-264. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1913. Beiträge zur Schlangenfauna Neuguineas und der benachbarten Inselgruppen. Sber. Ges. naturf. Berlin 1913: 384-388
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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