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Trachemys venusta (GRAY, 1855)

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesTrachemys venusta venusta (GRAY 1855)
Trachemys venusta callirostris (GRAY 1855)
Trachemys venusta cataspila (GÜNTHER 1885)
Trachemys venusta chichiriviche PRITCHARD & TREBBAU 1984
Trachemys venusta iversoni MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNI, HAGEN & BLANCK 2010
Trachemys venusta uhrigi MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNI, HAGEN & BLANCK 2010 
Common Namescataspila: Huastecan slider
iversoni: Yucatan Slider
panamensis: Panamanian Slider
uhrigi: Uhrig’s Slider
venusta: Meso-American Slider
callirostris: G: Kinnfleck-Schmuckschildkröte
callirostris: Colombian Slider
chichiriviche: Venezuelan Slider 
SynonymEmys venusta GRAY 1856 (1855): 24
Testudo panama PERRY 1810 (nomen oblitum)
Trachemys scripta venusta — FRITZ 1990
Trachemys venusta — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys scripta venusta — KOLLER 2005
Trachemys venusta — ERNST et al. 2006
Trachemys venusta venusta — FRITZ & HAVAS 2007
Chrysemys ornata — HENDERSON 2010
Trachemys ornata venusta — MCCRANIE et al. 2013
Trachemys venusta — TTWG 2014: 365
Trachemys venusta venusta — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017

Trachemys venusta cataspila (GÜNTHER 1885)
Emys cataspila GÜNTHER 1885: 4
Trachemys scripta cataspila — FRITZ 1990
Trachemys venusta cataspila — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys venusta cataspila — MENDOZA QUIJANO et al. 2004
Trachemys venusta cataspila — FRITZ & HAVAS 2007
Trachemys venusta cataspila — TTWG 2014: 365
Trachemys venusta cataspila — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017

Trachemys venusta iversoni MCCORD et al. 2010
Trachemys venusta iversoni — TTWG 2014
Trachemys venusta iversoni — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017

Trachemys venusta uhrigi MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNI, HAGEN & BLANCK 2010
Trachemys venusta uhrigi — TTWG 2014: 366
Trachemys venusta uhrigi — TTWG 2017

Trachemys venusta callirostris (GRAY 1855)
Emys callirostris GRAY 1855
Emys callorostris GRAY 1855 (error typographicus)
Emys callirostris — GÜNTHER 1885: 5
Pseudemys callirostris — COPE 1887
Chrysemys ornata var. callirostris — BOULENGER 1889
Pseudemys ornata callirostris — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 56
Chrysemys ornata callirostris — FRITZ & BIENERT 1981
Pseudemys scripta callirostris — LEGLER 1990: 89
Trachemys dorbigni callirostris — IVERSON 1992
Trachemys callirostris — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys scripta callirostris — MARTINEZ SILVESTRE & ARIAS BERNAL 2004
Trachemys callirostris callirostris — MARTINEZ SILVESTRE & ARIAS BERNAL 2005
Trachemys callirostris callirostris — DAZA & PÁEZ 2007
Trachemys callirostris callirostris — FRITZ & HAVAS 2007
Trachemys callirostris callirostris — TTWG 2014: 361
Trachemys callirostris — RESTREPO et al. 2014
Trachemys callirostris callirostris — TTWG 2017
Trachemys callirostris callirostris — SEIDEL & ERNST 2017
Trachemys venusta callirostris — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017

Trachemys venusta chichiriviche PRITCHARD & TREBBAU 1984
Trachemys callirostris chichiriviche PRITCHARD & TREBBAU 1984
Pseudemys scripta chichiriviche PRITCHARD & TREBBAU 1984
Trachemys scripta chichiriviche PRITCHARD & TREBBAU 1984
Pseudemys scripta chichiriviche — LEGLER 1990: 89
Chrysemys scripta (ornata) chichiriviche — KAMPRATH 1990
Trachemys callirostris chichiriviche — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys callirostris chichiriviche — FRITZ & HAVAS 2007
Trachemys callirostris chichiriviche — TTWG 2014: 361
Trachemys callirostris chichiriviche — TTWG 2017
Trachemys callirostris chichiriviche — SEIDEL & ERNST 2017
Trachemys venusta chichiriviche — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017 
DistributionBelize, Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó), Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Puebla, Yucatán, Nuevo León), Nicaragua, Panama

callirostris: Colombia (Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Cesar, Córdoba, La Guajira, Magdalena, Santander, Sucre),Venezuela (Carabobo, Falcón, Yaracuy, Zulia). Type locality: Restricted to Rio Magdalena, Colombia, by Müller 1040.

chichiriviche: Venezuela (Carabobo, Falcón, Yaracuy); Type locality: Lago de Tacarigua,*Edo. Falcón, Venezuela (68° 15' W, 11° 4' N)

cataspila: Mexico (Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosi, Verzcruz, Hidalgo [HR 35: 81]).

iversoni: Mexico (N Yucatan); Type locality: A Cenote on the north side of the highway, 13.8 km east of Buctzotz, Yucatán, Mexico.

venusta: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatán);Type locality: “Mexico, Honduras and America”, restricted to “Honduras” by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 31.

uhrigi: Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó), Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama; Type locality: Río Chamelecón drainage 3 km south of San Pedro Sula, northwestern Caribbean coastal Honduras.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.80 (formally (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 31)
Type: BMNH 1947.3.4.87 (and possibly additional specimens) [callirostris]
Syntypes: BMNH 1844.2.19.3 (shell); 1946.1.22.39 (pre- served juvenile); BMNH 1947.3.5.19, formerly 1855.9.17.1 4 (stuffed female); BMNH 1947.3.5. 20, formerly 1848.7.28.26 (stuffed female); BMNH 1947.3.5.21, formerly 1848.7.28.27 (half-grown juvenile, 158.75 mm); BMNH 1947.3.5.22 (juvenile, 107.95 mm); BMNH 1947.3.5.24 (adult shell); and 1947.3.4.25, formerly 1851.6.2.4 (stuffed adult) [cataspila]
Holotype: UF (was FSM) 53333, an adult female, collected by Uta Schmidt, August 7, 1978 [chichiriviche]
Holotype: UF (was FLMNH 50478), adult female, preserved in alcohol, collected in April 1981 by John Iverson [iversoni]
Holotype: UF (was FLMNH 157800) (Florida Museum of Natural History), adult female, preserved in alcohol, collected in May 1993 by Dennis Uhrig. [uhrigi] 
CommentSubspecies: Trachemys venusta grayi (BOCOURT 1868) is now considered as a valid species. T. c. callirostris and T. c. chichiriviche (Seidel 2002) can be differentiated using molecular data (Jackson et al. 2008). The TTWG 2017: 63 checklist is undecided about the status of callirostris and lists it both as species and subspecies of venusta.

Synonymy: MCCRANIE et al. 2013 suggested to synonymize Trachemys venusta uhrigi MCCORD et al. 2010 “has no taxonomic validity”, given the substantial variation within T. venusta. SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 31 listed this species as a synonym of Pseudemys scripta ornata.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, ponds, rivers)

Distribution (callirostris): Not in Brazil fide COSTA & BERNILS 2015. See map in TTWG 2014: 361.

NCBI TaxonID: 365651 [callirostris] 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is derived from the Latin adjective venustus, meaning "like venus, charming, beautiful, elegant, or graceful.” 
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