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Trachischium fuscum (BLYTH, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Blackbelly Worm-eating Snake
G: Darjeeling-Wurmnatter 
SynonymCalamaria fusca BLYTH 1854: 288
Calamaria obscuro-striata BLYTH 1854 (fide SMITH 1943)
Trachischium rugosum GÜNTHER 1858 (fide SMITH 1943)
Trachischium fuscum — GÜNTHER 1860
Trachischium fuscum — BOULENGER 1893: 297
Ablabes gilgiticus ANNANDALE 1905 (fide WALL 1909)
Eminophis lineolata WERNER 1924 (fide SMITH 1928)
Trachischium fuscum — SMITH 1943: 322
Trachischium fusca — DAS 1996: 59
Trachischium fuscum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 734 
DistributionNepal, India (Jammu & Kashmir, northern West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, eastern Arunachal Pradesh)

Type locality: Darjeeling Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZSI 7044; ZSI 7043, 7045–53 (paralectotypes), lost (fide KRAMER 1977)
Holotype: ZSI14289 [A. giligiticus]
Holotype: NMW 23456 [E. lineolata]
Syntype: ZSI 7042, “Rangoon” (now Yangon, Myanmar) [Calamaria obscurostriata] 
CommentSynonymy partly after Wallach 1988, Amphibia-Reptilia 9: 62, and Raha et al. 2018 (who discuss most synonyms in more detail).

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Type species: Calamaria fusca BLYTH 1854: 288 is the type species of the genus Trachischium GÜNTHER 1858. 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Athreya, R. 2006. Eaglenest Biodiversity Project (2003 – 2006): Conservation resources for Eaglenest wildlife sanctuary. Kaati Trust, Pune, 196 pp. - get paper here
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Nanhoe, L.M.R., & Ouboter, P.E. 1987. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in the Annapurna-Dhaulagiri region (Nepal). Zoologische Verhandelingen (240): 1-105 - get paper here
  • RAHA, SUJOY; SUNANDAN DAS, PROBHAT BAG, SUDIPTA DEBNATH, KOUSIK PRAMANICK 2018. Description of a new species of genus Trachischium with a redescription of Trachischium fuscum (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae). Zootaxa 4370 (5): 549-561 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1928. The status of some recently described genera and species of snakes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (10) 1: 494-496
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Swan, L.W., & Leviton, A.E. 1962. The herpetology of Nepal: a history, check list, and zoogeographical analysis of the herpetofauna. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 32 (6) (4.s.): 103-147. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wallach,V. 1988. Status and redescription of the genus Padangia Werner, with comparative visceral data on Collorhabdium Smedley and other genera (Serpentes: Colubridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 9: 61-76 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1924. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. l. Teil. Sitzungsb. Ber. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt. l, 133: 29 - 56 - get paper here
 
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