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Trachischium monticola (CANTOR, 1839)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Mountain Worm-eating Snake
G: Assam-Wurmnatter
Chinese: 山坭蛇 
SynonymCalamaria monticola CANTOR 1839: 50
Cyclophis monticola — THEOBALD 1868
Cyclophis rubiventer JERDON 1870 (fide SMITH 1943)
Ablabes albiventer GÜNTHER 1875: 231 (fide SMITH 1943)
Trachischium monticola — BOULENGER 1890
Trachischium monticola — BOULENGER 1893: 299
? Trachischium rubriventer — BOULENGER 1893: 300
Trachischium monticola — WALL 1908: 321
Trachischium monticola — SMITH 1943: 322
Trachischium monticola — DAS 1996: 59
Trachischium monticola — WALLACH et al. 2014: 734
Trachischium monticola — WANG et al. 2019 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Meghalaya; Arunachal Pradesh (Chessa – Papum Pare district)), Bangladesh, China (Xizang = Tibet)

Type locality: "Naga Hills in Asám," [=Assam, India].  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.12.32 (T.E. Cantor)
Syntype: BMNH 1946.1.12.11 [albiventer] 
CommentDistribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
EtymologyThe species name, ‘monticola’, is Latin for ‘inhabitant of the mountains’ (Latin “colere” = inhabiting). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1875. Second report on collections of Indian Reptiles obtained bv the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1875: 224-234 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • RAHA, SUJOY; SUNANDAN DAS, PROBHAT BAG, SUDIPTA DEBNATH, KOUSIK PRAMANICK 2018. Description of a new species of genus Trachischium with a redescription of Trachischium fuscum (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae). Zootaxa 4370 (5): 549-561 - get paper here
  • Shah, K. B. 1998. Checklist of the herpetofauna of Nepal with english and vernacular names. NAHSON Bull., Nat. Hist. Soc. Nepal, Kathmandu 8 (1-4): 26-30
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from the Khasi Hills, Assam. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 312-337 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WANG, KAI; KE JIANG, JIEQIONG JIN, XU LIU, JING CHE 2019. Confirmation of Trachischium guentheri (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Tibet, China, with description of Tibetan T. monticola. Zootaxa 4688 (1): 101–110 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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