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Trachischium monticola (CANTOR, 1839)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Mountain Worm-eating Snake
G: Assam-Wurmnatter
Chinese: 山坭蛇 
SynonymCalamaria monticola CANTOR 1839: 50
Cyclophis monticola — THEOBALD 1868
Cyclophis rubiventer JERDON 1870 (fide SMITH 1943)
Ablabes albiventer GÜNTHER 1875: 231 (fide SMITH 1943)
Trachischium monticola — BOULENGER 1890
Trachischium monticola — BOULENGER 1893: 299
? Trachischium rubriventer — BOULENGER 1893: 300
Trachischium monticola — WALL 1908: 321
Trachischium monticola — SMITH 1943: 322
Trachischium monticola — DAS 1996: 59
Trachischium monticola — WALLACH et al. 2014: 734
Trachischium monticola — WANG et al. 2019 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Meghalaya; Arunachal Pradesh (Chessa – Papum Pare district)), Bangladesh, China (Xizang = Tibet)

Type locality: "Naga Hills in Asám," [=Assam, India].  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.12.32 (T.E. Cantor)
Syntype: BMNH 1946.1.12.11 [albiventer] 
CommentDistribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
EtymologyThe species name, ‘monticola’, is Latin for ‘inhabitant of the mountains’ (Latin “colere” = inhabiting). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1875. Second report on collections of Indian Reptiles obtained bv the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1875: 224-234 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Nath, K. P., Mayi, Y., & Khersa, B. 2023. New distribution record of the Assam Hill Worm Snake, Trachischium monticola (Cantor 1839)(Colubridae: Natricinae), from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Reptiles & Amphibians 30 (1): e18824 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • RAHA, SUJOY; SUNANDAN DAS, PROBHAT BAG, SUDIPTA DEBNATH, KOUSIK PRAMANICK 2018. Description of a new species of genus Trachischium with a redescription of Trachischium fuscum (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae). Zootaxa 4370 (5): 549-561 - get paper here
  • Shah, K. B. 1998. Checklist of the herpetofauna of Nepal with english and vernacular names. NAHSON Bull., Nat. Hist. Soc. Nepal, Kathmandu 8 (1-4): 26-30
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on a collection of snakes from the Khasi Hills, Assam. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 312-337 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • WANG, KAI; KE JIANG, JIEQIONG JIN, XU LIU, JING CHE 2019. Confirmation of Trachischium guentheri (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Tibet, China, with description of Tibetan T. monticola. Zootaxa 4688 (1): 101–110 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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