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Trachylepis atlantica (SCHMIDT, 1945)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTiliqua punctata GRAY 1839: 289
Mabouya punctatissima O’SHAUGHNESSY 1874 (not SMITH 1849)
Mabuya atlantica SCHMIDT 1945 (nom. subst. for Mabuya punctata)
Trachylepis (Xystrolepis) punctata — TSCHUDI 1845 (fide TRAVASSOS 1946)
Mabuya punctata — TRAVASSOS 1946
Mabuya atlantica — WHITING et al. 2006
Trachylepis atlantica — MIRALLES et al. 2009 
DistributionBrazil (archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, 200 km off the northeast Brazilian coast)

Type locality: Fernando de Noronha, Brazil [Tiliqua punctata GRAY 1839]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.27.47-48; and punctatissima (BMNH 1946.8.18.40). 
CommentSpecimens from Fernando de Noronha differ from other Mabuya species in numerous morphological features, especially strongly keeled dorsal scales, uniform coloration without a trace of striping, and unusually high dorsal, ventral and midbody scale counts (e.g. Dunn, 1935; Peters and Donoso-Barros, 1970). As a result, they have been linked to the Cape Verde Islands Mabuya species, rather than to any of the New World congeners (e.g. Dunn 1935; Horton 1973).
Dunn (1935) synonymized M. maculata with M. mabouya mabouya (Lacépède, 1788). Mabuya mabouya mabouya, as defined by Dunn, is now known to represent a composite of several different species (e.g. Avila-Pires, 1995). The name Tiliqua punctata GRAY 1839 is preoccupied by Lacerta punctata LINNAEUS. 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Dunn, Emmett Reid 1935. Notes on American Mabuyas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 87: 533-560 - get paper here
  • Finley Jr., R.B. 1945. Notes on Lizards from Fernando Noronha. Copeia 1945 (3): 162-164 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 331-337 (287-293) [1838] - get paper here
  • HORTON, D. R. 1973. Evolution in the genus Mabuya (Lacertilia, Scincidae). Unpubl. Ph.D.Thesis, University of New England, Armidale, Australia
  • Mausfeld, P. & D. Vrcibradic 2002. On the nomenclature of the skink (Mabuya) endemic to the Western Atlantic Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 292-295 - get paper here
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Freder 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293
  • Miralles, A.; Chaparro, J.C. & Harvey, M.B. 2009. Three rare and enigmatic South American skinks. Zootaxa 2012: 47–68 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1874. A description of a new species of Scincidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 13: 298-301 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1945. A new name for a Brazilian Mabuya. Copeia 1945 (1): 45 - get paper here
  • Travassos, Haroldo 1946. Estudo da variação de Mabuya punctata (Gray, 1839) (Ordem Squamata Oppel, 1811 - Fam. Scincidae Gray, 1825). Boletim do Museu Nacional—Zoologia (60): 1-56
  • Whiting, Alison S.; Jack W. Sites, Jr., Katia C.M. Pellegrino and Miguel T. Rodrigues 2006. Comparing alignment methods for inferring the history of the new world lizard genus Mabuya (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38 (3): 719-730 - get paper here
 
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