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Trachylepis gonwouoi ALLEN, TAPONDJOU, WELTON & BAUER, 2017

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae (Mabuyini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Gonwouo’s skink
F: Scinque de Gonwouo 
SynonymTrachylepis gonwouoi ALLEN, TAPONDJOU, WELTON & BAUER 2017 
DistributionCameroon, Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)

Type locality: near the town of Mudeka near Mt. Cameroon, Southwest Region, Cameroon, 4.125°N, 9.491°E  
TypesHolotype: CAS 261092 (California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA), adult male, collected 16 June 2014, by Kaitlin Allen, Walter Tapondjou and Luke Welton (Fig. 2).
Paratypes. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum, Provo, Utah and California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA: CAS 261090, juvenile, town of Buea near Mt. Cameroon, Southwest Region, Cameroon, 4.160°N, 9.228°E; CAS 261091, female and BYU 573522, female, town of Idenau, Southwest Region, Cameroon 4.183°N, 9.000°E; CAS 261093, juvenile, BYU 573527, juvenile, BYU 573861, juvenile, BYU 573529, female, and BYU 573530, male, town of Nyasoso on Mt. Kupe, Southwest Region, Cameroon, 4.823°N, 9.670°E; 14 June 2016–2 July 2016; coll. Kaitlin Allen, Walter Tapondjou and Luke Welton. (Fig. 3 and Fig. 4)
Other material referred. Additional specimens referable to the new species based on mitochondrial genotype are: United States National Museum of Natural History (USNM) 584340, town of Impongui, Likouala Province, Republic of the Congo, 1.079°N, 17.036°E; Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn (ZFMK) 68962 and 75386, Mt. Nlonako, Littoral Region, Cameroon, 4.906°N, 9.951°E; and ZFMK 87654, Campo Reserve, South Province, Cameroon, 2.337°N, 9.857°E; Museum für Naturkunde [no voucher collected], Mt. Nlonako, Littoral Region, Cameroon, 4.906°N, 9.951°E; and [no voucher collected], Rumpi Hills, Southwest Region, Cameroon, 4.898°N, 9.119°E (Fig. 4). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Trachylepis gonwouoi sp. nov. can be distinguished from other Trachylepis in West and Central Africa by the following characteristics, number of keels on dorsal scales (3–5); moderate SVL (maximum size of 80 mm); number of scale rows at midbody (28–34); number of supracilliaries (6–10); presence of a well defined lateral white stripe extending from beneath eye to insertion of hind limb, bordered by black; and ventral color in life bright blue-green.

Comparison with other Central and West African Trachylepis: see Allen et al. 2017: 262 
CommentSympatry: T. affinis, T. maculilabris (syntopic)

EtymologyThis species is a patronym honoring Dr. LeGrand Gonwouo Nono, the first native-born Cameroonian herpetologist, in recognition of his work to increase the knowledge of herpetology and conservation of endangered reptiles and amphibians throughout Cameroon. 
  • Allen, K. E., W. P. Tapondjou N., E. Greenbaum, L. J. Welton & A. M. Bauer 2019. High levels of hidden phylogenetic structure within Central and West African Trachylepis skinks. Salamandra 55 (4): 231-241 - get paper here
  • Allen, Kaitlin E.; WALTER P. TAPONDJOU N., LUKE J. WELTON, AARON M. BAUER 2017. A new species of Trachylepis (Squamata: Scincidae) from Central Africa and a key to the Trachylepis of West and Central Africa. Zootaxa 4268 (2): 255–269 - get paper here
  • Sousa, Jackson Cleiton and Costa-Campos, Carlos Eduardo 2016. Erythrolamprus taeniogaster Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (4): 682 - get paper here
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