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Trachylepis maculata (GRAY, 1839)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSpotted Mabuya 
SynonymTiliqua maculata GRAY 1839: 289
Mabuya maculata — MAUSFELD AND D. VRCIBRADIC 2002
Mabuya maculata — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Trachylepis maculata — MIRALLES et al. 2009 
DistributionBrazil ?

Type locality: "Demerara" (probably in error, see comment)  
Reproduction 
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 2932, Demerara, collected E. Sabine, presented BMNH. Designation by Miralles et al. (2009). 
Diagnosis 
CommentDunn (1935) synonymized M. maculata with M. mabouya mabouya (Lacépède, 1788). Mabuya mabouya mabouya, as defined by Dunn, is now known to represent a composite of several different species (e.g. Avila-Pires, 1995).

The types of Tiliqua maculata have been collected in Demerara by Capt. Sabine, but some other specimens of lizards and snakes from "Demerara" collected by Capt. Sabine turned out to be restricted to certain Caribbean islands, including St. Kitts & Nevis and St. Lucia (Underwood, 1993).

See also record for Mabuya atlantica.

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymology 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Dunn, Emmett Reid 1935. Notes on American Mabuyas. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 87: 533-560 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 331-337 (287-293) [1838] - get paper here
  • Mausfeld, P. & D. Vrcibradic 2002. On the nomenclature of the skink (Mabuya) endemic to the Western Atlantic Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 292-295 - get paper here
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Miralles, A.; Chaparro, J.C. & Harvey, M.B. 2009. Three rare and enigmatic South American skinks. Zootaxa 2012: 47–68 - get paper here
 
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