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Trachylepis quinquetaeniata (LICHTENSTEIN, 1823)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesTrachylepis quinquetaeniata quinquetaeniata (LICHTENSTEIN 1823)
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata langheldi (STERNFELD 1917)
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata riggenbachi (STERNFELD 1910)
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata scharica (STERNFELD 1917) 
Common NamesAfrican Five-lined Skink, Rainbow Mabuya 
SynonymScincus quinquetaeniatus LICHTENSTEIN 1823: 103
Mabuya quinquetaeniata — FITZINGER 1826: 52
Euprepes savignyi DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 677 (fide MAUSFELD et al. 2002)
Trachylepis savignyi — FITZINGER 1843
Euprepes savignii — GRAVENHORST 1851: 329
Eupressis quinquetaeniatus - BLANFORD 1870
Euprepes quinquetaeniatus — BOETTGER 1880
Mabuia quinquetaeniata — BOULENGER 1887: 198
Mabuia quinquetaeniata scharica STERNFELD 1917
Mabuia albilabris — CHABANAUD 1917 (part.)
Mabuia semicollaris WERNER 1917: 33 (?, HALLERMANN, pers. comm.)
Mabuya quinquetaeniata — SCHMIDT 1919: 545
Mabuya quinquetaeniata quinquetaeniata — LOVERIDGE 1936: 68
Mabuya quinquetaeniata quinquetaeniata — DREWES 1972
Mabuya quinquetaeniata — KAHL et al. 1980: 170
Mabuya quinquetaeniata — GREER et al. 2000
Euprepis quinquetaeniatus — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Mabuya quinquetaeniata — BONETTI 2002: 158
Trachylepis quinquetaeniata — BAUER 2003
Mabuya quinquetaeniata — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Mabuya quinquetaeniata — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 399

Trachylepis quinquetaeniata langheldi (STERNFELD 1917)
Mabuya quinquetaeniata langheldi STERNFELD
Mabuya langheldi — BÖHME 1985

Trachylepis quinquetaeniata riggenbachi [STERNFELD 1910]
Mabuya riggenbachi — BAUER et al. 2003

Trachylepis quinquetaeniata scharica (STERNFELD 1917)
Mabuia quinquetaeniata scharica STERNFELD 1917
Mabuya quinquetaeniata scharica — CANSDALE 1951
Mabuya quinquetaeniata sharica — HOOGMOED 1973
Mabuya quinquetaeniata scharica — HOOGMOED 1980
Mabuya quinquetaeniata scharica — CHIRIO & INEICH 2000
Mabuya quinquetaeniata scharica — JOGER & LAMBERT 2002 
DistributionAngola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, DRC, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda

Introduced to Florida (USA)

sharica: Senegal, Benin, Ghana etc.; Type locality: Fort Auchambault, Tschad-Gebiet, Zentral-Afrika; Lectotypus: SMF 14271.

Type locality: Egypt and Nubia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesParatypes in ZFMK and ZMB, holotype in ZMB [langheldi]
Paratypes in ZFMK and ZMB, holotype in ZMB [scharica] 
CommentType species: Euprepes savignyi DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839 is the type species of the genus Trachylepis FITZINGER 1843. Mausfeld et al. (2000) designated Lacerta punctata Linnaeus, 1758 as type species of Euprepis. However, BAUER 2003 showed that Lacerta punctata is not a member of Euprepis.

Diagnosis (genus): Medium-sized to large lizards with cylindrical bodies, strong, well developed limbs, the digits 5-5, and medium-sized tails. Cycloid scales underlaid by bony plates (osteodermes). Dorsals keeled (with only very few exceptions where the dorsals are smooth). Dorsals and ventrals similar to each other; no distinct boundary between gulars and ventrals. Palatine bones in contact in the median; palatal notch separating the pterygoids, extending forwards to between the centres of the eyes. Pterygoid teeth present or absent. Dorsal head scales mostly flat and subimbricate, with a pair of supranasals, and prefrontals and frontoparietals paired or fused. Most posterior supraocular contacted by the frontal is the third. Secondary temporals are in contact or separated by anteriorly encroaching tertiary temporal. Nostril pierced in a single nasal. Eyelids movable; lower eyelid with an undivided, semitransparent disc, bordered below directly by one (or more) supralabial(s). Pupil round. Ear opening relatively small, with tympanum recessed in moderately deep auditory meatus. Teeth relatively small, pleurodont; tongue wide, lanceolate, covered with irregularly shaped papillae, its tip feebly nicked. Femoral pores absent. 26–27 presacral vertebrae. Reproduction either oviparous or viviparous. The gender of Euprepis is masculine. [from MAUSFELD et al. 2002 who called this text a “description”, not diagnosis].

Subspecies: Mabuya quinquetaeniata margaritifera has been elevated to full species status by BROADLEY & BAUER 1998. Trachylepis quinquetaeniata sharica has been considered as a synonym of Trachylepis quinquetaeniata (fide BROADLEY & BAUER 1998).

Distribution: Country list after the IUCN (P. Bowles, pers. comm., 6 Jun 2013). Not listed for Botswana by AUERBACH 1987. Not listed by SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996 because its presence in Algeria may be questionable. Not recorded for Mauritania although it may be presend based on its present in neighboring Mali (Padial 2006). Not in Gabon fide PAUWELS & VANDE WEGHE 2008. Also in India fide (pers. comm.).

Types: The type of Mabuia semicollaris WERNER 1917 has been lost, hence it is impossible to determine its identity with certainty.

Reproduction: oviparous. 
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