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Trapelus ruderatus (OLIVIER, 1804)

IUCN Red List - Trapelus ruderatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesTrapelus ruderatus ruderatus (OLIVIER 1804)
Trapelus ruderatus fieldii (HAAS & WERNER 1969) 
Common NamesE: Olivier’s (Horny-scaled) Agama, Baluch ground agama
G: Ruinenagame, Syrische Agame, Dornschuppenhautagame
E: Anderson's Agama, Persia Agama (blanfordi)
F: agame à peau rugueuse 
SynonymAgama ruderata OLIVIER 1804: 395
Agama mutabilis (MERREM 1820) (part.)
Agama (Eremioplanis) lessonae DE FILIPPI 1865: 353
Trapelus ruderatus — ANDERSON 1872: 384
Agama (Trapelus) ruderata — BLANFORD 1881: 672
Agama persica BLANFORD 1881: 674
Trapelus ruderata — MÜLLER 1882 (1880): 163
Agama persica — BOULENGER 1885: 345
Agama ruderata — BOULENGER 1885: 348
Agama ruderatus — MURRAY 1892: 70
Agama ruderata ruderata — SMITH 1935: 223
Agama persica — HAAS 1957
Agama blanfordi ANDERSON 1966 (nom. nov. pro Agama persica)
Agama blanfordi — WERMUTH 1967: 10
Agama ruderata — WERMUTH 1967: 21
Trapelus ruderatus — MOODY 1980
Agama ruderata — KREUTZ 1988
Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus — LEVITON et al. 1992: 22
Trapelus ruderatus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Trapelus persicus — MACEY et al. 2000
Trapelus ruderatus — RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2000
Trapelus lessonae — RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2000: 91
Trapelus persicus — DISI et al. 2001
Trapelus lessonae — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Trapelus persicus — ŠMÍD et al. 2014
Trapelus persicus — YOUSEFKHANI et al. 2016

Trapelus ruderatus fieldii (HAAS & WERNER 1969)
Agama persicus fieldii HAAS & WERNER 1969: 337
Agama persica BOULENGER 1920
Agama blanfordi fieldi — WERNER 1971
Trapelus blanfordi MOODY 1980
Agama (Trapelus) blanfordi fieldi — ARNOLD 1986
Trapelus blanfordi fieldi — AL-QURAN 2009
Trapelus ruderatus fieldi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Trapelus ruderatus fieldi — AL-SHAMMARI 2012
Trapelus persicus fieldii — DISI et al. 2014 
DistributionSoviet Union (Caucasus), S Azerbaijan,
Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, N Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, N Pakistan

ruderatus: Type locality: restricted to “near Ispahan,” = Isfahan, in central Iran (ANANJEVA et al. 2013). The former type locality, established by Rastegar-Pouyani (2000), between Bandar-e-Ganaveh-Borazjan (50°45'E, 29°35'W), Bushehr Province, SW Iran, is invalid fide Ananjeva et al. 2013.

fieldii: Jordan, Saudi Arabia; Type locality: Between Al-Qaysumeh and Turaif, NE Saudi Arabia

blanfordi (invalid): Jordan, N Saudi Arabia, S Iraq, SW Iran (Kavir desert), Israel ?, Kuwait, E Syria; Type locality: Dehbid and Kázrun. Type locality: Arabian Peninsula; “Perse et au Nord de l’Arabie” (fide WERMUTH 1967)

lessonae (invalid): Lebanon, Turkey (Anatolia), S Azerbaijan, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, W Jordan, Iraq, W Iran; Type locality: “Persia”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: MZUT R307, adult female (formerly the holotype of T. lessonae), designated by Ananjeva et al. 2013. RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2000 and Ananjeva et al. 2013 note that the (former) holotype of Trapelus ruderatus (MNHN 2610) is a subadult T. persicus. The holotype of Trapelus lessonae (MZUT R307) is a “typical” Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus.
Holotype: MCZ 56866 [fieldii]
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.8.11.30 (ex. BMNH 79.8.15.43), BMNH 1946.8.11.39-42 (ex. BMNH 79.8.15.39-42) [persicus] 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER (1885) listed three species in the synonymy of Agama ruderata Olivier, 1804, a species known as Trapelus ruderatus following Moody’s (1980) revision: (1) Agama mutabilis, in part, a distinct, valid species; (2) Agama loricata Reuss, 1834, now considered a junior synonym of Trapelus mutabilis (Merrem, 1820); and (3) Agama lessonae De Filippi, 1865, a junior objective synonym of Agama ruderata Olivier, 1804. RASTEGAR-POUYANI (2000) suggested that populations long identified as Trapelus persicus (Blanford, 1881) should have to be known as Trapelus ruderatus (Olivier, 1804), and designated a lectotype and type locality. Populations formerly known as Trapelus ruderatus should come under the name Trapelus lessonae (De Filippi, 1865), the second available name for this taxon. However, RASTEGAR-POUYANI (2000) overlooked the fact that Agama ruderata had not been described from a single specimen but also from the specimen depicted in the Atlas of Oliver (1804: Pl. 29: Fig. 3). ANANJEVA et al. (2013) showed that this specimen was distinct from the alleged “holotype” and indeed referable to Agama ruderata as currently conceived. As a consequence, ANANJEVA et al. (2013), in agreement with the Code, designated a neotype for A. ruderata in order to resolve the problems of nomenclature and avoid further complications and confusions. For several reasons, these authors selected the holotype of Agama lessonae De Filippi 1865, a “typical” Trapelus ruderatus ruderatus; A. lessonae De Filippi in 1865 became thus an objective junior synonym of A. ruderata Olivier, 1804.

Types: RASTEGAR-POUYANI (2000) showed that the specimen considered to be the holotype of Agama ruderata (MNHN 2610) was in fact referable to another species, Trapelus persicus (Blanford, 1881) (see ANDERSON, 1999).

Distribution: not in Turkey fide SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008. However, these authors do recognize T. lessonae. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. Not in Afghanistan fide Wagner et al. 2017. 
EtymologyEtymology (blanfordi): Agama blanfordi has been named after William Thomas Blanford (1832 - 1905), member of the Geological Survey of India.

Etymology (lessonae): Named after Michele Lessona, Italian zoologist. 
References
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