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Tretioscincus oriximinensis AVILA-PIRES, 1995

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Oriximina Lizard
Portuguese: Calango, Calango-do-Rabo-Azul, Lagartixa 
SynonymTretioscincus oriximinensis AVILA-PIRES 1995: 483
Tretioscincus oriximinensis — CASTOE et al. 2004
Tretioscincus oriximinensis — DIAGO-TORO et al. 2021 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Para, Roraima), Venezuela (Territorio Federal do Amazonas), Colombia (HR 42: 570).

Type locality: Oriximina, Pará, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MPEG 2351, female Paratypes: MPEG, MZUSP, BMNH 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Tretioscincus with prefrontals in contact or narrowly separated, loreal pentagonal and usually wider ventrally, gulars anteriorly in six, posteriorly in five longitudinal rows. Dorsals 29-32 in a middorsal row, ventrals 18-22 in a midventral row. All dorsals smooth, or posterior ones keeled. Scales on tail polygonal, keeled, i n 12 longitudinal rows. Dorsolateral stripe on third row of dorsals when counted from midline. In live animals, dorsolateral stripe tan, paler posteriorly (Avila-Pires 1995). 
EtymologyNamed after the location (Oriximina, Para, Brazil) where the first specimen have been collected. 
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • DIAGO-TORO, MARÍA F.; DANIELA GARCÍA-COBOS, GIOVANNI D. BRIGANTE-LUNA & JUAN D. VÁSQUEZ-RESTREPO. 2021. Fantastic lizards and where to find them: cis-Andean microteiids (Squamata: Alopoglossidae & Gymnophthalmidae) from the Colombian Orinoquia and Amazonia. Zootaxa 5067 (3): 377–400. - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Moraes LJCL, Almeida AP, Fraga R, Rojas RR, Pirani RM, Silva AAA, de Carvalho VT, Gordo M, Werneck FP 2017. Integrative overview of the herpetofauna from Serra da Mocidade, a granitic mountain range in Northern Brazil . ZooKeys 715: 103-159 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Morato, Sérgio Augusto Abrahão; Guilherme Nunes Ferreira; Michela Rossane Cavilha Scupino (eds.) 2018. Herpetofauna da Amazônia Central: Estudos na FLONA de Saracá-Taquera. Curitiba, Pr: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas, Pa: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A., 2018.<br />210p. - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
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