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Trilepida brevissima (SHREVE, 1964)

IUCN Red List - Trilepida brevissima - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Caqueta Blind Snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops brevissimus SHREVE 1964
Leptotyphlops brevissimus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 24
Tricheilostoma brevissimum — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Trilepida brevissima — HEDGES 2011
Tricheilostoma brevissimum — PINTO & FERNANDES 2012
Trilepida brevissima — WALLACH et al. 2014: 738 

Type locality: Florencia, Caqueta, Colombia  
TypesHolotype: MLS 1311 (Museo del Instituto La Salle, Bogota), Collected by: Niceforo Maria Collection Date: February 10, 1951. Paratypes: (n=2) MCZ 38950 (taken from the stomach of Micrurus mipartitus (Dumeril, Dumeril and Bibron), MCZ 21988, from Sonson, Antioquia, Colombia, collected by Niceforo Maria in 1925. This specimen has about a third of the head missing on the right side. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Tricheilostoma brevissimum is distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: snout truncate in dorsal view; rounded in lateral view; supraocular present; rostral scale subtriangular in dorsal view; ocular subhexagonal with rounded shape at the eye level; supraocular longer than frontal scale; temporal distinct; fused caudals present; nostril posterior to nasal suture; three supralabials (2+1); four infralabials; 152–162 middorsal scales; 141–152 midventral scales; 12–14 subcaudals; 10 scales around the middle of tail; seven dorsal scale rows uniformly brown, and seven ventral series pale brown (from PINTO-RICHARD et a. 2010). 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • HEDGES, S. BLAIR 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63–64 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Passos, Paulo; Caramaschi, Ulisses; Pinto, Roberta R. 2006. Redescription of Leptotyphlops koppesi Amaral, 1954, and description of a new species of the Leptotyphlops dulcis group from Central Brazil (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 347-357 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Pinto, Roberta R. and Ronaldo Fernandes 2012. A New Blind Snake Species of the Genus Tricheilostoma from Espinhaço Range, Brazil and Taxonomic Status of Rena dimidiata (Jan, 1861) (Serpentes: Epictinae: Leptotyphlopidae). Copeia 2012 (1): 37-48. - get paper here
  • PINTO, ROBERTA R.; PAULO PASSOS, JOSÉ RANCES CAICEDO-PORTILLA, JUAN CAMILO ARREDONDO & RONALDO FERNANDES 2010. Taxonomy of the Threadsnakes of the tribe Epictini (Squamata: Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) in Colombia. Zootaxa 2724: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Shreve, Benjamin 1964. A new species of the snake Leptotyphlops from Colombia. Breviora (211): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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