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Trilepida joshuai (DUNN, 1944)

IUCN Red List - Trilepida joshuai - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Joshua's Blind Snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops joshuai DUNN 1944: 53
Leptotyphlops joshuai — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 33
Tricheilostoma joshuai — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Trilepida joshuai — HEDGES 2011
Tricheilostoma joshuai — PINTO & FERNANDES 2012
Trilepida joshuai — WALLACH et al. 2014: 739
Leptotyphlops jhosuai — PEDROZA-BANDA et al. 2014: 34 (in error) 
DistributionColombia (Antioquia, Valle del Cauca, Caldas).

Type locality: Jerico, Antioquia, Colombia, 1967 m  
TypesHolotype: MLS (an un-numbered specimen in Instituto LaSalle, Bogotá) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Tricheilostoma joshuai is distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: snout rounded in dorsal view, truncate in lateral view; supraocular present; rostral triangular in dorsal view; ocular subhexagonal, with rounded shape in the eye level; temporal distinct; fused caudals; eye in anterior portion of expanded area of ocular scale; three supralabials (2+1); four infralabials; 174–193 middorsal scales in males and 184–199 in females; 169–181 midventral scales in males and 172–187 in females; 13–17 subcaudals in males and 13–15 in females; 12 scales around the middle of tail; seven dark brown dorsal scale rows with pale brown edge, venter and labial scales cream (from PINTO-RICHARD et a. 2010). 
CommentPhoto in Terraria/Elaphe 2012 (2): 75 
EtymologyNot given by Dunn, but Beolens et al. 2011 speculate that Dunn may been inspired by the biblical episode of Joshua's capture of the city of Jericho. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Dunn, E.R. 1944. A review of the Colombian snakes of the families Typhlopidae and Leptotyphlopidae. Caldasia 3 (11): 47-55 - get paper here
  • HEDGES, S. BLAIR 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63–64 - get paper here
  • Martins, A., Koch, C., Joshi, M., Pinto, R., & Passos, P. 2021. Picking up the threads: Comparative osteology and associated cartilaginous elements for members of the genus Trilepida Hedges, 2011 (Serpentes, Leptotyphlopidae) with new insights on the Epictinae systematics. The Anatomical Record, 1– 34 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Passos, Paulo; Caramaschi, Ulisses; Pinto, Roberta R. 2006. Redescription of Leptotyphlops koppesi Amaral, 1954, and description of a new species of the Leptotyphlops dulcis group from Central Brazil (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 347-357 - get paper here
  • Pedroza-Banda, Raúl; Jhon Jairo Ospina-Sarria, Teddy Angarita-Sierra, Marvin Anganoy-Criollo, John D. Lynch 2014. Estado de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del Casanare Ciencias naturales Estado del conocimiento de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del departamento de Casanare, Colombia. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. 38 (146): 17-34 - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Pinto, Roberta R. and Ronaldo Fernandes 2012. A New Blind Snake Species of the Genus Tricheilostoma from Espinhaço Range, Brazil and Taxonomic Status of Rena dimidiata (Jan, 1861) (Serpentes: Epictinae: Leptotyphlopidae). Copeia 2012 (1): 37-48. - get paper here
  • PINTO, ROBERTA R.; PAULO PASSOS, JOSÉ RANCES CAICEDO-PORTILLA, JUAN CAMILO ARREDONDO & RONALDO FERNANDES 2010. Taxonomy of the Threadsnakes of the tribe Epictini (Squamata: Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) in Colombia. Zootaxa 2724: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales, J. A. & G. A. González-Durán 2011. Description of the colouration in life of Tricheilostoma joshuai (Serpentes, Leptotyphlopidae). A species tolerant of disturbed habitats? Salamandra 47 (4): 237-240 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales, Julián Andrés, Héctor Fabio Arias-Monsalve y Gustavo A. González-Durán 2014. Anibios y reptiles de la región centro-sur del departamento de Caldas, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 15 (1): 73-93 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales, Julián Andrés 2012. Snakes of an urban-rural landscape in the central Andes of Colombia: species composition, distribution, and natural history. Phyllomedusa 11 (2): 135- - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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