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Trilepida salgueiroi (AMARAL, 1955)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Espiritú Santo Blind Snake
Portuguese: Cobra-Cega, Cobra-da-Terra 
SynonymLeptotyphlops salgueiroi AMARAL 1955
Leptotyphlops salgueiroi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 41
Tricheilostoma salgueiroi — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Trilepida salgueiroi — HEDGES 2011
Tricheilostoma salgueiroi — PINTO & FERNANDES 2012
Trilepida salgueiroi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 740
Trilepida salgueroi — FREITAS et al. 2019 (in error)
Trilepida salgueiroi — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Bahia).

Type locality: Ita [= Baixo Guandu], Espirito Santo, Brazil  
TypesHolotype: IBSP (= IB) 8876 (Instituto Butantan) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Distinguished from all congeners by the combination of a total length reaching 351mm; rostral not contacting the line connecting anterior margins of eyes; supraoculars present, small, not contacting supralabials; prefrontal small, slightly longer than wide; three supralabials, two between nasal and ocular, one behind the ocular; five scales along the edge of the upper lip between rostral and corner of mouth; one temporal scale behind third supralabial; four infralabials on both sides; dorsals 217-226 in males and 230-232 in females; subcaudals 17-23 in both sexes; 10 scales around the middle of tail; dorsal ground color uniformly brown; ventral ground color light brown, ventral scales with widely white edges, forming a reticulate pattern; hemipenis with a narrow basal portion. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the holotype, W.S.Salgueiro. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. 1955. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios neotropicos: 14. Descricao de duas especies novas de "cobra-cega" (fam. Leptotyphlopidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 26: 203-205 [1954] - get paper here
  • Cozer, J. S., Pereira-Ribeiro, J., Linause, T. M., Ferreguetti, A. C., de Godoy Bergallo, H., & da Rocha, C. F. D. 2020. Reptile diversity in the Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60: e20206040 - get paper here
  • Dubeux, M. J. M., Araújo Neto, J. V. D., Triburcio, I. C. S., Lisboa, B. S., Torquato, S., Freitas, M. A. D., ... & Mott, T. 2022. A “hotspot” within a hotspot: the reptiles of the Estação Ecológica and Área de Proteção Ambiental de Murici, Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 22: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Figueiredo-de-Andrade, Caio A.; Carlos Henrique de Oliveira Nogueira and Carlos Alberto Pereira 2011. Filling gaps on the distribution of Tricheilostoma salgueiroi (Amaral, 1955) in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Check List 7 (4): 409-410 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Thais Figueiredo Santos Silva, Patrícia Mendes Fonseca, Breno Hamdan, Thiago Filadelfo 2019. Herpetofauna of Serra do Timbó, an Atlantic Forest remnant in the State of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 245-260 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • HEDGES, S. BLAIR 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63–64 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • Passos, P.; Daramaschi, U. & Pino, R.R. 2005. Rediscovery and redescription of Leptotyphlops salgueiroi AMARAL, 1954 (Squamata, Serpentes, Leptotyphlopidae). Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro (Zoologia) (520): 1-10
  • Passos, Paulo; Caramaschi, Ulisses; Pinto, Roberta R. 2006. Redescription of Leptotyphlops koppesi Amaral, 1954, and description of a new species of the Leptotyphlops dulcis group from Central Brazil (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 347-357 - get paper here
  • Pinto, Roberta R. and Ronaldo Fernandes 2012. A New Blind Snake Species of the Genus Tricheilostoma from Espinhaço Range, Brazil and Taxonomic Status of Rena dimidiata (Jan, 1861) (Serpentes: Epictinae: Leptotyphlopidae). Copeia 2012 (1): 37-48. - get paper here
  • Silva-Santos, M. L., Gil-Ramos, I. M., Amorim, L. G., de Azevedo, S. M., Nestor, S., & de Oliveira, J. C. 2024. First record of the threadsnake Trilepida salgueiroi (Amaral, 1955) from Ilha dos Franceses, Espírito Santo, Brazil. Herpetology Notes, 17, 93-96
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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